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The Committee on Lectures and Publications has
the honor to present herewith the twelfth number of
the Society's Year Book, with which is combined the
annual reports for the year 1934.
Howard Coonley, Chairman.
May 10, 1935.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations 7
Officers for 1935 9
Committees for 1935 11
Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1934 13
Special Medals Awarded in 1934 21
Captain F. Kingdon Ward 22
George Robert White Medal of Honor 24
Exhibitions in 1935 26
Garden Clubs Not Members of Massachusetts Federation 27
Awards to Estates and Gardens 30
Trade Catalogues in the Library 42
Graphs to Show the Library's Growth 44
Library Accessions ' 47
Periodicals Received in 1934 ............ 55
Gifts to the Library 61
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission ... 65
Annual Meeting, 1935 69
The President's Address 69
Report of the Secretary 72
Report of the Treasurer 80
Report of the Library Committee 90
Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 93
Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 96
Report of the Committee on Prizes 100
Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the
Products of Children's Gardens 102
Result of the Balloting 103
Honorary Member 105
Corresponding Members 105
New Members Added in 1934 108
List of Illustrations
Mr. William Dexter, Trustee 10
Mr. Winthrop L. Carter, Trustee 12
Chrysanthemum exhibit of the Gardner Museum at the Autumn
show in 1934 17
Captain F. Kingdon Ward • 21
Mr. William Kleinheinz 23
Mr. H. Harold Hume 23
Approach to the estate of Mr. Grenville L. Winthrop 32
View across the lawns on the Winthrop estate 33
Rock garden on the Winthrop estate 34
Entrance to the enclosed garden of Mrs. Galen L. Stone .... 35
View of the gardens of Mrs. Galen L. Stone 36
Rose garden on the estate of Jere A. Downs 37
Rose garden of Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield 38
Hornbeam hedge of Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby ... 39
Serpentine wall surrounding the garden of Dr. and Mrs. Amos I.
Hadley . 40
Garden of Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker 41
The New Horatio Hollis Hunnewell medal 66
Sweet pea exhibit by Mrs. Moses Taylor 68
Exhibit of the Herb Society of America 71
Exhibit of Mrs. Theodore Brown 73
Japanese azalea exhibit of Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames .... 75
Cymbidium Beatrice exhibited by Mr. Jere A. Downs 78
Governors' Garden at the Spring flower show, 1935 82
Naturalistic orchid exhibit of Mrs. Albert C. Burrage 89
Calla lily exhibit of James Wheeler & Son 92
Exhibit of the New England Wild Flower Preservation Society
and the Massachusetts Audubon Society 95
Exhibit of Towpath Gardens 98
Exhibit of Mr. Will C. Curtis . . . 101
Exhibit of H. J. Borowski & Sons 104
THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT
EDWIN S. WEBSTER
John S. Ames
Francis H. Appleton
Miss Marian R. Case
♦Joseph E. Chandler
Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby
Ernest B. Dane
Jere A. Downs
William C. Endicott
Mrs. Homer Gage
Samuel J. Goddard
Harlan P. Kelsey
Nathaniel T. Kidder
Harold S. Ross
Robert G. Stone
Mrs. Bayard Thayer
Edwin S. Webster
John S. Ames
Edward I. Farrington
Mr. William Dexter
Elected a Trustee at the Annual Meeting, May 7, 1934
COMMITTEES APPOINTED MAY 6, 1935
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman
OAKES AMES MRS. HOMER GAGE
JOHN S. AMES WALTER HUNNEWELL
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES ERNEST B. DANE
WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman
ROBERT G. STONE WILLIAM DEXTER
Committee on Exhibitions
HAROLD S. ROSS, Chairman
HAROLD HILL BLOSSOM MRS. ROGER S. WARNER
JOHN S. DOIG DONALD D. WYMAN
WILLIAM ELLERY FRANCIS WHEELER
Committee on Prizes
WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH HARLAN P. KELSEY
WALTER HUNNEWELL JAMES METHVEN
Committee on Library
NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES MRS. BAYARD THAYER
Committee on Lectures and Publications
WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman
ROBERT G. STONE JERE A. DOWNS
Committee on Special Medals
OAKES AMES, Chairman
SAMUEL J. GODDARD WILLIAM ELLERY
HARLAN P. KELSEY HAROLD S. ROSS
Committee on Gardens
MRS. BAYARD THAYER, Chairman
MRS. ALBERT 0. BURRAGE, JR. MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD
JOSEPH E. CHANDLER WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT
MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY
Committee on Building
JOSEPH E. CHANDLER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES SAMUEL J. GODDARD
Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions
MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman
DANIEL W. O'BRIEN THOMAS P. DOOLEY
Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase
WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. ROBERT H. ROLAND
WILLIAM ELLERY HAROLD S. ROSS
Mr. Winthrop L. Carter
Elected a Trustee at the Annual Meeting, May 6, 1935
Medals and Certificates Awarded
The Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase
Gardner Museum, for a modernistic arrangement of chrysanthemums.
George Robert White Medal of Honor
Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector and explorer, for
eminent service in horticulture.
Thomas Roland Medal
William Kleinheinz, for skill in horticulture.
Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal
H. Harold Hume, for the hybridization and propagation of azaleas
and citrous fruits.'
Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums.
H. H. Hunnewell Medal
Grenville Lindall Winthrop, for his estate at Lenox.
Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York
Tow Path Gardens, Inc., for an old New England farmhouse with
proper planting at the Spring show.
Gold Medal of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society
Jere A. Downs, for a group of cymbidiums.
Silver Medal of the American Peony Society
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for peony L'Etincelante (best peony in the
Large Gold Medal
Mrs. Galen Stone, for her estate in Marion.
H. J. Borowski & Sons, for a wild garden.
Breck's, for a display of daffodils.
Mrs. F. F. Brewster, for a tulip border.
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of orchids.
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of orchids (certificate).
Butterworth's, for a group of cymbidiums (certificate).
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids.
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a foundation planting.
Mrs. W. Redmond Cross, for a garden arrangement (at the Autumn
show in New York).
14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Will C. Curtis, for a naturalistic planting of hardy ferns (certificate).
Will C. Curtis, for a wild garden.
Mrs. Harold G. Cutler, for statuary with suitable planting.
Jere A. Downs, for a group of cymbidiums.
Jere A. Downs, for his rose garden at Winchester.
Fraser's Flowers, for a penthouse garden.
Mrs. Homer Gage, for a tulip border.
Gardner Museum, for a modernistic arrangement of chrysanthemums.
Ormond Hamilton, for a naturalistic planting of hardy ferns.
Ormond Hamilton, for a wild garden (certificate).
Massachusetts Audubon Society, for a corner of a bird sanctuary.
A. N. Pierson, Inc., for a group of cypripediums.
Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of acacias.
Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums (certificate).
John Scheepers, for a display of daffodils.
Mrs. Moses Taylor, for a display of chrysanthemums (certificate).
Mrs. Moses Taylor, for a display of sweet peas.
Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a display of hardy perennials (certificate) .
Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a group of chrysanthemums (certificate) .
Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a group of Elliot's callas.
W. T. Walke & Sons, for a group of amaryllis.
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums (certificate).
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids.
Wilfrid Wheeler, for a display of outdoor melons.
Albamont Gardens, for a display of tuberous-rooted begonias (certifi-
Albamont Gardens, for Omithogalum lacteum aureum.
Associated Fruit Growers, for a display of fruit.
Beatrice Gardens, for a display of dahlias and gladioli.
Belmont Gardens, for a display of gardenias.
Breck's, for an effective trade exhibit.
W. Atlee Burpee Company, for an effective trade exhibit (certificate).
W. Atlee Burpee Company, for double hybrid nasturtiums.
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a collection of dendrobiums.
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for new and rare specimen orchid plants (cer-
Butler & Ullman, for a display of gardenias.
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids.
F. I. Carter & Sons, for a terrarium.
William N. Craig, for a collection of lilies (certificate).
William N. Craig, for a display of rock garden plants and perennials.
Mrs. F. B. Crowninshield, for her rose garden at Marblehead.
Mrs. F. B. Crowninshield, for a group of chrysanthemums.
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1934 15
Will C. Curtis, for a fern exhibit.
Will C. Curtis, for cut branches of ornamental trees and shrubs in fruit
Dolansky, Florist, for a group of chrysanthemums.
T. F. Donahue, for a display of irises and peonies.
Jere A. Downs, for begonia Exquisite.
Jere A. Downs, for begonia White Rosalind (certificate) .
Essex County Agricultural School, for a display of new fruits.
Fredna Shop, for a terrarium.
George Peabody Gardner, Jr., for a group of cyclamen.
Gardner Museum, for a display of cyclamen (certificate).
Gardner Museum, for a group of cyclamen.
Gardner Museum, for Winter-flowering begonias (certificate) .
Greenland Gardens, for long-spurred columbine.
Hingham Garden Club, for an Autumn scene.
F. W. Hunnewell, for Ccelogyne cristata.
Jamaica Plain High School, for a display of fruits and vegetables
Jamaica Plain High School, for a miniature garden.
Mrs. Ellerton James, for a display of fruits.
Charles Lamprey, for an exhibit of succulent plants growing on tufa
Everett Mann, 'for cinerarias.
Massachusetts Girl Scouts, Inc., for an herb garden and drying house.
Newburyport Garden Club, for Boston Herald 1934 Garden Contest.
Pompeian Garden Furniture Company, for an effective trade exhibit.
Thomas E. Proctor, for begonia Purity.
Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums.
Harold Ryan, Inc., for a group of strelitzias and miscellaneous flower-
ing and foliage plants.
Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, for a display of Solandra grandiflora.
Mrs. Eugenia Shorrock, for an aquarium.
Mrs. Pierpont L. Stackpole, for her garden at Manchester.
Success Dahlia Gardens, for dahlia Margaret E. Broomall (best dahlia
in the show).
Ruth L. Torrey, for a miniature estate.
Frederick Tudor, for an aquarium.
Edwin S. Webster, for a display of cinerarias and miscellaneous
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of cypripediums (certificate) .
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of epidendrums (certificate) .
Stewart R. Weston, for viola York Gem.
Worcester North High School, first team, for interscholastic judging,
16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Charles Young, for a display of apple varieties.
Charles Young, for a display of apples (certificate).
Breck's, for an exhibit of pansies.
Breck's, for scabiosa-flowered zinnias (certificate).
Butler & Ullman, for a display of gardenias.
Frank Edgar Company, for calceolaria hybrids.
Jamaica Plain High School, for a display of the products of boys'
Edwin Mager, Bristol County Agricultural School, for the highest
score in the interscholastic judging contest.
Milton Nurseries, for a group of Helleborus niger.
Dora E. Winchester, for the highest score for plant identification,
interscholastic judging contest.
Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by
Miss Marian Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens,
Francis C. Anderson, Brighton
David Barnum, Burlington
Dominick Barrett, Monson
Arthur T. Blaney, Dorchester
Lea Brodeur, Dodgeville
Loring Brown, Marshfield
Genoveffa C. Corea, Roslindale
Curtis Crozier, Pittsfield
Francis Curtis, Wrentham
Bernard David, Brockton
George W. Dick, Allston
Fontaine Brothers, Marlboro
Richard Glendon, Winchester
Edward Jensen, Wilmington
Edward S. Johnson, East Boston
Frank Joyner, Cummington
Charles Martin, Orange
John McComb, West Springfield
Maynard F. Moseley, Allston
Ernest Ortelt, Attleboro
Arthur B. Pautzsch, Hyde Park
Lawrence Reagan, Dorchester
Theodore Saltzman, Roxbury
Mary Shervanian, Roxbury
Clarence and Clyde Stone, Brockton
Francis Sutherland, Chesterfield
18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Esther Usher, Danvers
William Wilson, Hopkinton
John T. Wiswell, South Boston
Frank N. Zinkowsky, Boston
First Class Certificates
Carnation E. H. Wilson, exhibited by S. J. Goddard.
Carnation Greatheart, exhibited by Stephen E. Shaw.
Cattleya Portia crerulea, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage.
Cypripedium Argo Fairieanum Chardwar var., exhibited by Mrs.
Albert C. Burrage.
Rose Better Times, exhibited by Hill Floral Products Company.
Awards of Merit
Amarcrinum howardi, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Begonia Purity, exhibited by Thomas E. Proctor.
Begonia White Rosalind, exhibited by Jere A. Downs.
Brassocattleya Amabalensis, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage.
Buddleia altemifolia, exhibited by William N. Craig.
Buddleia seedling No. 31, exhibited by Walter H. Golby.
Carnation E. H. Wilson, exhibited by S. J. Goddard.
Carnation Nina Brenner, exhibited by Leonard Cousins.
Cymbidium Nancy Harte, exhibited by Jere A. Downs.
Cymbidium Thelma magnificum, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc.
Cypripedium Ardiste, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc.
Cypripedium Gold Mohur, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Cypripedium Renown, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc.
Gladiolus Baby Peggy, exhibited by A. L. Stephen.
Laeliocattleya Princess Margaret, exhibited by Orchidwood, Inc.
LEeliocattleya Swallow, exhibited by Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James.
Marigold Sunbeam, chrysanthemum-flowered, exhibited by Reynolds,
Pepper Waltham Beauty, exhibited by Massachusetts State College
Field Station, Waltham.
Rose Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, exhibited by Traendly & Schenck.
Rose Token, exhibited by the Montgomery Company, Inc.
Votes of Commendation
Begonia Mrs. Galen L. Stone, exhibited by Mrs. Galen L. Stone.
Camellia Mrs. Bayard Thayer, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer.
Camellia Mrs. Robert Bacon, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer.
Camellia Sweet Sunshine, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer.
Camellia Mrs. William Dexter, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer.
Carnation Eleanor, exhibited by Jewett City Greenhouses.
Carnation Ocean Spray, exhibited by William Sim Carnation Co.
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1934 19
Cattleya Cornelia seedling, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage.
Cattleya M. C. Dolansky, exhibited by Frank J. Dolansky.
Cherry Seneca, exhibited by Henry L. F. Naber.
Marigold Sunbeam, exhibited by Reynolds, Florist.
Mentha rotundifolia (Apple Mint), exhibited by Robert H. Roland.
Nasturtium Scarlet Gleam, exhibited by Badger Seeds, Ltd.
Pansies, Century of Progress strain, exhibited by Breck's.
Peony Chestnut Hill, exhibited by T. F. Donahue.
Peony Commander Byrd, exhibited by T. F. Donahue.
Strawberry Leonard's Supreme, exhibited by Walter H. Leonard.
Tigerlily, branching, exhibited by Joseph Egert.
Watermelon Wonder Melon, exhibited by Wilfrid Wheeler.
Leonard Cousins, for carnation Nina Brenner.
P. and W. 0. Jahn,' for carnation Break-o-Day.
Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James, for leelio cattleya Harriet James.
Jere A. Downs, for cymbidium Ceres.
Arthur Keown, for apples.
J. J. LaMontagne, for ornamental gourds.
Littlefield Wyman Nurseries, for carnation Orchid Beauty.
W. R. Nicholson, for yellow snapdragons.
Wilfrid Wheeler, for outdoor melons.
Votes of Thanks
L. Sherman Adams, for an exhibit of stocks.
Albamont Gardens, for an exhibit of primula Portland Beauty.
Arnold Arboretum, for a collection of flowering shrubs.
Arnold Arboretum, for a display of pines and cones.
Baur-Steinkamp & Co., for a collection of seedling chrysanthemums.
Mrs. J. C. Benz, for an exhibit of anemone chrysanthemums.
Blue Hill Nurseries, for a collection of phlox.
Breck's, for an exhibit of zinnias.
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a display of phlox.
William Edwin Clark, for a display of gladioli, South African species
and New England originations.
Mrs. John G. Coolidge, for a standard streptosolens.
Corliss Brothers, for a basket of hardy chrysanthemums.
Corliss Brothers, for an exhibit of Delphinium belladonna.
Mrs. Frank A. Day, for an exhibit of clivias.
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Bronze Giant.
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt.
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Spanish Gold.
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Tagoya.
Frank J. Dolansky, for Cattleya peetersi.
20 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Edgell Road Gardens, for tufa rock.
Joseph Egert, for the hardy everhlooming carnation Mrs. Bryan
Farragut School, for a collection of terrariums.
G. Edgar Folk, for a display of marigolds.
Harriet Fox, for an exhibit of pussywillows.
Mary Gill, for a model house and garden.
Salvatore Janerico, for a vase of Snow on the Mountain.
Salvatore Janerico, for a vase of Cockscomb.
Roderick MacKinnon, for an exhibit of calendulas.
E. L. Marshall, for cucumber Improved Long Green.
Massachusetts State College, for a display of the lily family.
Mrs. M. J. Merrill, for Chautauqua gooseberries.
Harry Mosher, for an exhibit of pussywillows.
Cornelia C. Parker, for a model garden.
Perkins Institution for the Blind, for a display of vegetables in a box.
Perkins Institution for the Blind, for a vase of Vitex macraphylla.
Heinrich Rohrbach, for a new hybrid chrysanthemum.
Harold S. Ross, for salvia Weywyn and Salvia farinacea Blue Bedder.
Mrs. Hermine Schulz, for a window box.
George N. Smith, for a collection of peonies.
George A. Sweetzer, for a display. of violas.
Theodor C. Thomson, for a rock garden on a table.
Townsend Floral Company, for seedling snapdragons.
Mrs. Bancroft Winsor, for a vase of peonies.
Blue Ribbon Garden Certificates
Mrs. Gaspar G. Bacon, for a garden at Jamaica Plain.
Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker, for a garden at Chestnut Hill.
Mrs. Charles Sumner Bird, Jr., for a tree-bordered driveway at
Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby, for a hornbeam hedge at
Dr. and Mrs. Amos I. Hadley, for a garden at Wayland.
Special Medal Awards
The following special medal awards were made by the
Trustees in 1934 :
The George Kobert White Medal of Honor, given for the
advancement of horticulture in its broadest sense. Awarded to
Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant hunter and explorer,
who has penetrated to the distant parts of China and other
countries, who has introduced many new plants and who has
written several notable books.
The Thomas Roland Medal, given for skill in horticulture.
Captain F. Kingdon Ward
Awarded to William Kleinheinz of Elkins Park, Pa., super-
intendent for Mr. Joseph Widener. Mr. Kleinheinz is an expert
gardener and the exhibit of acacias from the Widener green-
houses set up by him is always one of the principal features at
the Spring flower show in Philadelphia.
The Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal, designed to encourage
22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
the science and practice of the hybridization and propagation
of hardy woody plants. Awarded to Mr. H. Harold Hume of
Gainesville, Fla., who has done much important work in the
hybridization and propagation of azaleas and citrous fruits and
who has written extensively about these plants.
Professor Oakes Ames was chairman of the committee recom-
mending these awards, the other members of the committee
being Samuel J. Goddard, Harlan P. Kelsey, William Ellery,
and Harold S. Ross.
Captain F. Kingdon Ward
It is not possible to state how many plants have been intro-
duced by Captain F. Kingdon Ward, who was awarded the
George Robert White Medal of Honor, but the number is very
large. His discoveries of rhododendrons and primulas are espe-
cially noteworthy. For his plant hunting explorations he re-
ceived the highest award of the Royal Horticultural Society,
the Victoria Medal of Honor in Horticulture, in 1932. In
addition, the Royal Geographical Society awarded him their
Founders' Medal in 1930 for his geographical explorations
and his work on botanical distribution in southwest China and
Captain Ward has explored vast expanses of practically un-
traveled country. The horticultural world has learned much
of his experiences through his many publications, magazine
articles and lectures. Some of his important books are "From
China to Hkamti Long," "Plant Hunting in the Wilds," "Plant
Hunting on the Edge of the World," "Rhododendrons for
Everyone," and the "Romance of Plant Hunting."
SPECIAL MUDAL AWARDS
Mr. William Kleinheinz
of Elkins Park, Pa.
who was awarded the
Thomas Roland Medal
Mr. H. Harold Hume
of Gainesville, Fla.
who was awarded the
George Robert White Medal
America's Highest Horticultural Award
George Robert White of Boston presented to the Massachu-
setts Horticultural Society in 1909 a fund, now amounting to
$10,000, the income to provide annually for a substantial gold
medal to be awarded by the Trustees of the Society to the man
or woman, commercial firm or institution in the United States
or other countries that has done the most in recent years to
advance interest in horticulture in its broadest sense. The
medal, designed by John Flanagan, is of coin gold and weighs
eight and a half ounces. It has been awarded each year since
its establishment to the following persons :
1909 Professor Charles S. Sargent, Director of the Arnold Arboretum,
Jamaica Plain, Mass.
1910 Jackson Thornton Dawson, plantsman of the Arnold Arboretum.
1911 Victor Lemoine, Nancy, France, originator of new varieties of
flowering garden plants.
1912 Michael H. Walsh, Woods Hole, Mass., rose specialist.
1913 Park Commission of Rochester, N. Y., for tasteful landscape
1914 Sir Harry James Veitch, London, England, nurseryman, propa-
gator of ornamental garden plants.
1915 Ernest Henry Wilson, Boston, Mass., for botanical and horti-
cultural work in China and Japan.
1916 William Robinson, London, England, for educational work in
1917 Niels Ebbesen Hansen, Brookings, S. D., plant and fruit intro-
ductions in northwestern states.
1918 Dr. Walter Van Fleet, Washington, D. C, production of new
varieties of roses.
1919 Vilmorin-Andrieux et Cie, Paris France, introduction of new
varieties of plants and vegetables.
1920 Georges Forrest of England, introduction of new garden plants
1921 Mrs. Louisa Yeomans King, Alma, Mich., for her work in popu-
1922 Albert Cameron Burrage, Boston, for advancing the interest in
GEORGE ROBERT WHITE MEDAL OF HONOR 25
1923 John McLaren, San Francisco, Calif., development of horticul-
ture on the Pacific Coast.
1924 Joseph Pernet-Ducher, Venissieux-les-Lyons, France, producer
of valuable new roses.
1925 Professor Ulysses P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y., introduction of
1926 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Del., for extending love of flowers,
establishment of great Winter garden.
1927 Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y., educator, author and
1928 Colonel William Boyce Thompson, Yonkers, N. Y., plant re-
1929 Miss Gertrude Jekyll, England, amateur gardener and author.
1930 David Grandison Fairchild, Washington, D. C, seed and plant
1931 Dr. Frederick V. Coville, Washington, D. C, for horticultural
research work particularly with blueberries.
1932 W. A. Manda, South Orange, N. J., for his activity along horti-
cultural lines, introduction and dissemination of new and
useful plants, influence for horticultural progress over a wide
1933 J. Horace McFarland, for his work in placing horticulture in
America on a high plane.
1934 Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector and explorer,
for the introduction of new plants and for his books.
March 25-30. Spring Exhibition.
June 20 and 21. June Exhibition.
Thursday, 2 to 9 P.M.
Friday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M.
August 17 and 18. Mid-Summer Exhibition, in co-operation
with the New England Gladiolus Society.
Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M.
Sunday, 1 2 M. to 9 P.M.
August 29 and 30. Exhibition of the Products of Children's
Thursday and Friday, 1 to 6 P.M.
September 14 and 15. Late Summer Exhibition, in co-
operation with the New England Dahlia Society.
Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M.
Sunday, 1 2 M. to 9 P.M.
October 15-17. Fruit and Vegetable Exhibition.
Tuesday, 2 to 9 P.M.
Wednesday and Thursday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M.
November 20-22. Autumn Exhibition.
Wednesday, 2 to 9 P.M.
Thursday and Friday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M.
Garden Clubs Not Members of
the Massachusetts Federation
Ashland Garden Club.
President, Miss Jennie Cushing, Ashland.
Secretary, Miss Charlotte Davis, Ashland.
Attleboro Garden Club.
President, Mrs. William Hoyle, 104 North Ave., Attleboro.
Secretary, Mrs. Carl W. Keil, 70 Lindsey St., Attleboro.
Bernardston Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Raymond L. Dunnell, Bernardston.
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur Magoon, Bernardston.
Beverly Improvement Society.
President, Mrs. Frank E. Merriam, 52 Lothrop St., Beverly.
Secretary, Mrs. Esther S. Alley, 29 Abbott St., Beverly.
Chelsea Woman's Club, Garden Club of the.
Chairman, Mrs. Max E. Stewart, 35 Franklin St., Chelsea.
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Huddell, 155 Garfield Ave., Chelsea.
Deerfield Garden Club.
President, Charles Huntington Smith, Deerfield.
Secretary, Mrs. Henry C. Wells, Deerfield.
East Bridgewater Garden Club.
President, Miss Maud E. Magoun, 274 Central St., E. Bridgewater.
Secretary, Mrs. Nettie Rollins, 85 N. Central St., E. Bridgewater.
East Milton Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Clarence W. Goodridge, 90 Washington St., East
Secretary, Mrs. Charles B. Hoxie, 61 Washington St., East Milton.
Easton Garden Club.
President, Charles I. Wright, Eastondale.
Secretary, Mrs. John C. Mason, 18 Day St., North Easton.
Edison Garden Club.
President, L. E. Maynard, 39 Boylston St., Boston.
Secretary, Miss Freda A. Shaw, 39 Boylston St., Boston.
Foxboro Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Ralph Greenleaf, South St., Foxboro.
Secretary, Mrs. Corodon S. Fuller, 28 Baker St., Foxboro.
Gloucester Woman's Club Garden Group.
President, Mrs. Lincoln S. Simonds, 367 Essex Ave., Gloucester.
Secretary, Mrs. Ellison S. Purington, Western Ave., Gloucester.
Groveland Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Gertrude MacAloney, Benham St., Groveland.
Secretary, Mrs. Mary Butler, Benham St., Groveland.
28 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Hampden Garden Club.
President, Benjamin F. Libby, R.F.D., East Longmeadow.
Secretary, Edwin C. Stacy, Hampden.
Hampshire County Garden Club.
President, George H. Hawksley, 18 Park St., Florence.
Secretary, Hobart Whitaker, 23 Cedar St., Northampton.
Hyde Park Garden Club.
President, Mrs. William E. Holtham, 3 Dell Terrace, Hyde Park.
Secretary, Mrs. George W. Sanborn, 900 Metropolitan Ave., Hyde
Ludlow Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Alice L. Hoyt, 1 Winsor St., Ludlow.
' Secretary, Mrs. Fred J. Cummings, 624 East St., Ludlow.
Malden, Garden Club of.
President, Mrs. F. Chester Everett, 35 Felsmere Road, Maiden.
Secretary, Mrs. Frederick Thompson, 32 Woodland Road, Maiden.
Marion Garden Lovers' Club.
President, Miss Louise Handy, Marion.
Secretary, Mrs. Mary G. Dexter, Converse Road, Marion.
Monson Garden Club.
President, Henry Sanderson, Monson.
Secretary, Mrs. R. H. Thomas, Monson.
Nahant Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Fred A. Wilson, High St., Nahant.
Secretary, Mrs. George Dick, 20 Tudor Road, Nahant.
Needham, The Men's Garden Club of.
President, Ritchie H. Stevens, 48 Wilshire Park, Needham.
Secretary, Charles W. Harrison, 868 Great Plain Ave., Needham.
Newton Highlands, Garden Club of the Woman's Club of.
President, Mrs. Ernest J. Weaver, 1057 Walnut St., Newton
Secretary, Mrs. Emil F. Haberstroh, 99 Bowdoin St., Newton
Northampton Woman's Club, Garden Department of the.
Chairman, Mrs. A. G. Beckmann, 50 Union St., Northampton.
Secretary, Mrs. R. H. Cook, 75 Washington Ave., Northampton.
North Attleboro Garden Club.
President, Harry L. Dixon, Plainville.
Secretary, Fred C. Paye, Box 769, North Attleboro.
Pepperell Garden Club.
President, Mrs. J. Orin Williams, Jr., Pepperell.
Secretary, Mrs. Franklin Wiley, Box 74, Pepperell.
GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 29
Pittsfield Garden Club.
President, Alfred J. Loveless, 49 Easton Ave., Pittsfield.
• Secretary, Miss Marjorie Barnes, Richmond.
Rockland Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Arthur Marks, 329 Harvard St., Rockland.
Secretary, Miss Mary Shaw, 111 East Water St., Rockland.
Stoneham Garden Club.
President, Mrs. M. R. Kirkpatrick, 7 Everett St., Stoneham.
Secretary, Mrs. R. M. Linscott, 357 Williams St., Stoneham.
Sudbury Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Paul Whitney Rhoades, Concord Road, So. Sudbury.
Secretary, Mrs. Herbert J. Atkinson, Elm Tree Farm, Sudbury.
Taunton Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Harold C. Nevius, 20 Gen Cobb St., Taunton.
Secretary, John C. Willis, Taunton.
Telephone Employees' Garden Club.
President, Charles W. Anderson, 6 Bowdoin Square, Boston.
Secretary, Ulderic F. Hurley, 245 State St., Boston.
Tewksbury Garden Club.
President, Mrs. George Garland, Tewksbury.
Secretary, Mrs. William A. Smith, Tewksbury.
Waban Community Garden Club.
President, Clifford H. Walker, 711 Chestnut St., Waban.
Secretary, Mrs. W. J. Freethy, 69 Pontiac Road, Waban.
Wellesley Men's Garden Club.
President, Oscar M. Jacobi, 19 Whittier Road, Wellesley Hills.
Secretary, 1 ^. P. Hooper, 8 Belair Road, Wellesley.
Westboro Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Herbert West, Milk St., Westboro.
Secretary, Miss Helen C. Forbes, Ward's Corner, Westboro.
West Dennis Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Bernard M. Sheridan, 171 East Haverhill St.,
Lawrence. (Summer) West Dennis.
Secretary, Mrs. A. P. Bennett, West Dennis.
Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group.
Chairman, Mrs. Robert McKaig, 103 Hill St., Whitinsville.
Secretary, Mrs. Edward Ballard, Main St., Lin wood.
Williamstown Garden Club.
President, Miss Laura E. Dwight, "Hill House," Williamstown.
Secretary, Mrs. William Howard Doughty, "Elscot," Williamstown.
Winchendon Garden Club.
- President, Mrs. Joseph L. Peabody, 258 School St., Winchendon.
Secretary, Mrs. Florence Whitcomb, 92 Oak St., Winchendon.
Awards to Estates and Gardens
At a meeting of the Trustees held October 22, 1934, it was
voted to make the following awards for estates and gardens :
The H. H. Hunnewell Gold Medal to Mr. Grenville Lindall Win-
throp for his estate in Lenox. This estate was given a silver medal in
1914 and has been kept at a high standard. It is particularly notable
for its many fine trees and its broad lawns. It has no flower gardens or
borders but has large plantings of shrubs, various architectural fea-
tures and a large rock garden which is planted exclusively with shrubby
A gold medal to Mrs. Galen L. Stone for her estate in Marion. This
estate, which borders the ocean, has large, well kept greenhouses sur-
rounded by gardens given over mostly to annuals but laid out on a
generous scale and unusually well planned. The estate has many fine
trees and remarkably well kept spruce hedges.
A gold medal to Mr. Jere A. Downs for his rose garden in Win-
chester. This garden, which was designed by John B. Wills, is one of
the notable rose gardens in New England as regards size, its general
arrangement and the quality of the plants it contains.
A silver medal to Mrs. Francis Boardman Crowninshield for her
rose garden in Marblehead. This garden which has been established
for a long time has several unique features and is looked down upon
by several fine old statues. It is well kept and has roses in wide variety
although largely the old kinds.
A silver medal to Mrs. Pierpont L. Stackpole for her garden in
Manchester. This garden has been developed very successfully in a
semi-formal manner on a high cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean.
A blue ribbon certificate to Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker for a
charming little garden at Chestnut Hill.
A blue ribbon certificate to Mrs. Gaspar G. Bacon for her garden
in Jamaica Plain.
A blue ribbon certificate to Dr. and Mrs. Amos I. Hadley for a
garden in Wayland surrounded by a serpentine wall.
A blue ribbon certificate to Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby for
a remarkable hornbeam hedge on her estate in Manchester.
A blue ribbon certificate to Mrs. Charles Sumner Bird, Jr., for her
driveway in Ipswich lined with magnificent trees planted by Mrs.
Bird's father, Mr. Randolph Morgan Appleton.
These awards were made on recommendation of a committee
composed of Mrs. Bayard Thayer, chairman, Mrs. Albert C.
Burrage, Jr., Joseph E. Chandler, Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby, Mrs.
F. B. Crowninshield, William C. Endicott, and Mrs. Homer
ESTATES AND GARDENS
Awards were made in 1934
as recommended by the
COMMITTEE ON GARDENS
The approach to the estate of Mr. Grenville Lindall Winthrop in
Lenox, awarded the H. H. Hunnewell Gold Medal in 1934
The garden of Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker of Chestnut Hill, for
which a blue ribbon certificate was awarded in 1934
A List of Those in the Library of the Massachusetts
Since the 1880's the Library of the Massachusetts Horticul-
tural Society has made a systematic collection of trade cata-
logues. The Society's general interests limit the collection to
dealers in fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants (both
woody and herbaceous) that will grow in this climate. There
are now 19,431 items from 2,327 firms. Thirty-one countries
are represented. Since the centers of horticultural activity have
for many years been in Belgium, the British Isles, France,
Germany, Holland, and the United States, these countries make
up the bulk of the sets.
The chronological distribution of the file is as follows:
Sets with earliest item before 1800
" " " " 1800—1849
" " " 1900—1928
719 1,608 2,327
The file has a triple appeal, as a collectors' collection, a stu-
dents' collection, and a buyers' collection. As a collectors' col-
lection, it naturally focuses interest upon rarities such as the
five eighteenth century items. The one American in the group
is only a reproduction, evidently of an advertisement in a
paper. It is dated "Richmond, January 24, 1793" and states
that "MINTON COLLINS most respectfully informs the ladies
and gentlemen of Virginia, that he has just received . . . from
London, a fresh assortment of the following SEEDS &
FLOWER ROOTS, which he is now selling for ready money,
at his seed and flower store (ONLY) . . ." There follows a
three-column list of seeds and roots of grasses, vegetables and
flowers by name "& 100 other sorts too tedious to mention."
Of the European catalogues, the most interesting, as well as
the oldest, is Robert Edmeades' "The gentleman and lady's
gardener; containing the modern method of cultivating the
kitchen and flower-garden, with a general catalogue of seeds,
plants, and roots, 1776." As the title suggests, it is far more
TRADE CATALOGUES 43
than a tradesman's list. In fact, of its 136 pages, a full two-
thirds are given to cultural directions. Aside from its age, this
book is in itself a curiosity, for it gives the name of each plant
according to the Linmean system. Since the Linnaean botany
had been adopted in England only sixteen years earlier, Ed-
meades was evidently a progressive person, with a patronage
drawn from the botanically informed. It would be interesting
to know how near this catalogue comes to being the first of its
As a students' collection the file provides source material in
the history of plant introduction, and has proved its value many
times in the use made of it by authors and research workers.
We regard as one of our most important services our ability to
provide an original description, a date of introduction, or a
series of catalogues covering an interesting period in the career
of a plant or a nursery.
As a buyers' collection, the catalogues receive almost con-
stant use by members of the Society and by the Secretary.
When publishing in Horticulture articles on new plants, it is
important to know whether they are available in the market,
for we are often asked where all sorts of things may be bought.
The ethical problem of advertising presents no difficulty, for
we make it a practice in answering such queries to give a list
of names, rather than a single dealer.
The classification of the catalogues is very simple. The cur-
rent year's issues are kept on open shelves in the reading room,
arranged alphabetically by the name of the dealer or nursery,
and in two groups, American and foreign. As a key, we depend
on Manning's "Plant Buyers Index," supplementing it by a
card file of such items as (when called for) we do not find in
Manning. When the new issues arrive, the old ones go to the
pamphlet boxes in the permanent file. Here the sets are ar-
ranged alphabetically by countries. Current and back numbers
alike are strictly reference material.
Dorothy St. J. Manks, Librarian.
Graphs Show Library's Growth
The question is sometimes asked "Is the Library used very
much ?" It is now in its twelfth year as an active loan collection,
and, as the accompanying charts show, has grown far beyond
the experimental stage and has, indeed, established itself among
the major activities of the Society.
Seasonal fluctuations, after the first tentative years, have
fallen consistently into one pattern. G-ardeners apparently read
in the indoor season, so that when planting time arrives many
visitors disappear and the mails grow lighter. The revival be-
>. cj >•
^ i d
g g g
/*-d Ton Ycar
— — -
gins in September or October, when problems of Fall work
and next year's bulbs come to the front, and the garden club
The annual totals, which mount so fast on the final chart,
GRAPHS SHOWING LIBRARY'S GROWTH
show the surprising gain of 600 per cent between 1924 and
1934. Twice we had slight decreases. Those who follow the
flower shows, however, will recognize 1929 and 1931 as our two
first seasons at Mechanics Building. In each of those years the
* $ *
^ £ €
Tot? in ah
— — —
^J 2^ J? J^ 1
^ <3 ^ ^
^ — -
&-&* Ton Yeah
absence of the Spring exhibitions from our own building gave
the use of the Library a set-back from which it took some months
During the past few years, when depression lias been the
keynote of so many activities, libraries of all kinds offer the
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
<- ^.— ■ »
paradox of a boom. Economic pressure, more leisure, the need
either to learn or to escape — various impulses have set more
people than ever before to reading. There seems to be some
indication that the pace of this activity is growing slower, as it
must eventually. Barring actual catastrophe, it should never
lose entirely the momentum it has acquired. Many readers have
discovered the Library, and the Library has found new open-
ings for usefulness.
Dorothy St. J. Manks, Librarian.
New books added to the Library during the year 1934 include
Aberystwyth, Wales. University college of Wales. Welsh plant
breeding station. An account of the organization and work of the
station from its foundation in April 1919 to July 1933. 1933.
Amherst, A. (Mrs. Evelyn Cecil) Bibliography of works on garden-
ing (reprinted from her "History of gardening in England" ) 1897.
Anderson, J. Description of a patent hot house which operates by the
heat of the sun. 1803.
Andrews, M. N. Gardens in glass. 1834.
Armer, L. A. Cactus. 1934.
Arnold Arboretum. . Catalogue of the library . . . compiled ... by
E. M. Tucker, volume 3. 1933.
Artschwager, E. F., comp. Dictionary of biological equivalents,
Bailey, L. H. The gardener's handbook. 1934.
Baretti, G. M. A. New dictionary of the Italian and English languages
. . . comp. by Davenport and Comelati. 2 vols. 1928 (reprint).
Bean, E. B., comp. The practical garden notebook. 1934.
Bean, W. J. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, volume 3.
Benner, W. M. The flora of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 1932.
Bennett, I. D. The busy woman's garden book. 1920.
Biddle, D. How to arrange flowers. 1934.
Bigelow, J. A treatise on the materia medica, intended as a sequel to
the Pharmacopoeia of the United States. 1822.
Bower, F. 0. Botany of the living plant; 2d ed. 1923.
Buel, J. The farmer's companion; or, Essays on the principles and
practice of American husbandry. 1839.
Buller, A. H. R. Researches on fungi, volume 5. 1933.
Castelli, P. Exactissima descriptio rariorum quarundam plantarum
quae continentur Romae in horto Farnesiano : Tobia Aldino auc-
Cato. Cato the Censor on farming; trans, by Ernest Brehaut. 1933.
Chadwick, L. C. Studies in plant propagation, the influence of chemi-
cals, of the medium, and of the position of the basal cut on the
rooting of evergreen and deciduous cuttings. 1933.
Chavannes, E. Monographie des antirrhinees. 1833.
Clapp, R. Woody plants for landscape planting in Maine. 1933.
Coker, W. C. Trees of the southeastern states. 1934.
Cole, S. W. The American fruit-book. 1866.
48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Collings, G. H. Commercial fertilizers, their sources and use. 1934.
Complete gardener and florist, containing an account of every vege-
table production cultivated for the table, with directions for plant-
ing and raising flowers; 9th ed. 1849.
Cook, M. T. Ecological survey of the flora of Porto Rico, by M. T.
Cook and H. A. Gleason. 1928.
Cooney, L. M., comp. Garden history of Georgia, 1733-1933. 1933.
Copeland, R. M. Supplement to the fifth edition of Country Life.
Coulter, J. M. Preliminary revision of the North American species
of echinocactus, cereus, and opuntia. 1896.
Crowell, J. F. Garden wise and otherwise, a book [of poems] for all
lovers of gardens. 1934.
Darnell, A. W. Winter blossoms for the outdoor garden : a descriptive
list of exotic trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants that flower in . . .
the British Isles ... in December, January and February. 1926.
Davidson, H. C. Fruit culture. 1929.
Davis, V. H. The garden book. 1915.
DeLaMare, A. T., ed. Garden guide; 6th ed. rev. and enl. 1934.
Dioscorides. The Greek Herbal of Dioscorides, illus. by a Byzantine
A.D. 512, Englished by John Goody er 1655, ed. and first printed
by Robert Gunther. 1934.
Dix, J. F. C. Dutch bulbs, their history and treatment, by J. F. C. Dix,
English by T. J. Bakker ; ed. and printed by H. A. van Olpen. 1912.
Dodoens, R. Stirpium historiae pemptades sex, sive libri XXX, varie
ab auctore, paullo ante mortem aucti et emendati. 1616.
Duryea, W. B. A living from the land. 1934.
Eliot, J. Essays upon field husbandry in New England, and other
papers 1748-1762, by Jared Eliot, ed. by H. J. Carman and R. G.
Tugwell, with a biographical sketch by R. H. True. 1934.
Elliott, F. R. Elliott's fruit book; or, The American fruit-grower's
guide in orchard and garden. 1854.
Ely, H. R. Another hardy garden book. 1926 (reissue).
Ely, H. R. The practical flower garden. 1928 (reissue).
Fagin, N. B. William Bartram, interpreter of the American landscape.
Farrer, R. Among the hills, a book of joy in high places. 1910.
Fernald, M. L. Recent discoveries in the Newfoundland flora. 1934.
Fisher, F. H., ed. The scree garden: experiments and experiences
among high alpine plants, with an introduction by Sir William
Fitschen, J., ed. Handbuch der nadelholzkunde, hrsg. von J. Fitschen ;
3e vollstandig neubearb. aufl. von Beissner's Nadelholzkunde. 1930.
LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 49
Forbush, E. H. Birds of Massachusetts and other New England states.
1925-1929. 3 vols.
Forsyth, W. Treatise on the culture and management of fruit trees,
in which a new method of pruning and training is fully described ;
7th ed. 1824.
Frye, T. C. Ferns of the Northwest, covering Washington, Oregon,
Idaho . . . Wyoming, central and northern California. 1934.
Fuller, A. M. Studies on the flora of Wisconsin, part I. Orchids. 1934.
Garden club of America. Gardens of colony and state, volume 2. 1934.
Garden manual, for the cultivation and operations required for the
kitchen garden, fruit garden, flower garden ... by the editors and
contributors of the "Cottage gardener" ; 5th ed. 1860 ?
Garden ; or, Familiar instructions for the laying out and management
of a flower garden. (Peter Parley's little library no. 8) 1834.
Gardens and gardening: the Studio gardening annual. 1934.
Gerard, J. Catalogus arborum, fruticum ac plantarum ... in horto
Johannis Gerardi nascentium. 1599.
Gerard, J. Leaves from Gerard's Herball, arranged for garden lovers
by Marcus Woodward. 1931.
Gibbs, R. W., comp. Gardening in many climes. 1934.
Gibbs, R. W., comp. A garland of essays written by members of the
Richmond Garden Club in the Berkshire Hills, Massachusetts.
1932. 2 vols.
Gilmer, G. C. Checklist of southern periodicals to 1861. 1934.
Greene, D. W. The junior gardener, by D. W. Greene and R. C.
Greene, M. L. Among school gardens. 1910.
Gwynn, S. Claude Monet and his garden. 1934.
Hale, W. J. The farm chemurgic, farmward the star of destiny lights
our way. 1934.
Halligan, C. P. Hardy perennials for landscape planting in Michigan.
Halligan, C. P. Hardy shrubs for landscape planting in Michigan;
rev. ed. 1932.
Harrington, H. D. The woody plants of Iowa in winter condition.
Hedrick, U. P. A history of agriculture in the state of New York.
Hibberd, S. Rustic adornments for homes of taste ; new ed., rev., corr.,
Histoire des plantes de l'Europe et des plus usitees, qui viennent d'Asie,
d'Afrique et d'Amerique; ou l'on voit leurs figures, leur noms, en
quel temps elles fleurissent, et le lieu ou elles croissent . . . rangee
suivant l'ordre du Pinax de G. Bauhin. 1762. 2 vols.
50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Hogg, T. Supplement to the practical treatise on the culture of florists'
Hole, S. R. A book about the garden and the gardener. 1892.
Hosmer, J. K., ed. History of the expedition of Captains Lewis and
Clark, 1804-5-6, reprinted from the ed. of 1814 with introd. ... by
J. K. Hosmer; 2d ed. 1903. 2 vols.
Hottes, A. C, ed. Home gardener's dictionary ; rev. ed. 1934.
Hottes, A. C. Plant propagation, 999 questions answered. 1934.
House, H. D. Wild flowers. 1934.
Hoyt, R. S. Planting lists for southern California, a handbook of
ornamental plants. 1933.
Hutchinson, J. The families of flowering plants: I. Dicotyledons,
II. Monocotyledons, arranged according to a new system based on
their probable phylogeny. 1926-1934. 2 vols.
Imai, K., ed. Kikkwa Meiji-Sen (a catalogue of select chrysanthe-
mums) 1891. vol. 1 only.
Jekyll, F. Gertrude Jekyll, a memoir, with a foreword by Sir Edwin
Lutyens and an introd. by Agnes Jekyll. 1934. ;
Jekyll, G. Children and gardens. 1934 (reprint) .
Jekyll, G. Gardens for small country houses, by Gertrude Jekyll and
Lawrence Weaver ; 2d ed. rev. and enl. 1913.
Jelitto, C. R. Der immergrune garten, die anlage, bepflanzung und
Josselyn, J. New-Englands rarities, London, 1672; facsimile ed. 1926.
Kains, M. G. Modern guide to successful gardening. 1934.
Kendall, W. G. Four score years of sport. 1933.
Kenrick, W. The new American orchardist ; 7th ed. enl. and improved.
Kerner von Marilaun, A. Die cultur der alpenpflanzen. 1864.
Kirwan, C. de. Flore f orestiere illustree : arbres et arbustes du centre
Knyff, I., illus. Britannia illustrata; or, Perspective views of the royal
palaces, and several of the most noted houses and gardens belonging
to the nobility and gentry of England, drawn by I. Knyff. 1749.
Koehn, A. The art of Japanese flower arrangement (ikebana), sen-
shunan koo (ikenobo), suiinsai taiseki (yo-shin method), a hand-
book for beginners. 1934.
La Chesnee Monstereul. Le floriste francois, traittant de Porigine des
tulipes, de Fordre qu'on doit observer pour les cultiver et planter
. . . avec un catalogue des noms des tulipes et distinctions de
leurs couleurs. 1654.
La Quintinye, J. de. The complete gard'ner . . . abridged by George
London and Henry Wise, to which is prefixed an address ... by
J. Evelyn; 7th ed. 1719.
LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 51
Laren, A. J. van. Succulents other than cacti; trans, from the Dutch
by E. J. Labarre; arranged and ed. by S. E. Haselton. 1934.
Laurie, A. Commercial flower forcing, the fundamentals and their
practical application to the culture of greenhouse crops, by A.
Laurie and L. C. Chadwick. 1934.
Leclerc, H. Le petit jardin (Hortulus) de Walafrid Strabus . . .
texte latin et traduction franchise precedes d'une etude sur la vie
et sur les oeuvres poetiques de l'auteur et accompagnes de commen-
Lievre, A. Les productions horticoles franchises. 1934.
Lindley, J., ed. Treasury of botany; new and rev. ed. 1889. 2 vols.
Lloyd, C. G. Flora of Samoa, by C. G. Lloyd and W. H. Aiken. 1934.
Lloyd, J. U. Drugs and medicines of North America. 1930-1931 (re-
Loudon, J. C. Encyclopedia of plants . . . new ed. corrected to the
present time, ed. by Mrs. Loudon. 1855.
Loudon, J. C. Greenhouse companion . . . greenhouse and conserva-
tory practice ... 3d ed. 1832.
Maedougal, D. T. The green leaf, the major activities of plants in
Maedougal, D. T. The influence of light and darkness on growth and
development (of plants) 1903.
Marston, M. A garden by the Avon. 1933.
Martineau, A. The herbaceous garden ; 4th rev. ed. 1934.
Mase, G., ed. Book of the tree, an anthology. 1927.
Mathews, F. S. Familiar flowers of field and garden; 6th ed. 1901.
Mathews, F. S. Field book of American wild flowers; rev. ed. 1927.
Maxwell, H. Memories of the months, 2d and 3d series. 1900-1903.
Messel, L. A garden flora : trees and flowers grown in the gardens at
Nymans, 1890-1915. 1918.
Meyer, J. E. The herbalist. 1934.
Mohr, C. Plant life of Alabama. 1901.
Moore, H. J. The culture of flowers, annual, half-hardy biennial and
half-hardy perennial kinds and foliage plants. 1932.
Moricand, S. Plantes nouvelles d'Amerique. 1833-1846.
Nash, E. T. One hundred and one legends of flowers. 1927.
Natural history of remarkable trees, shrubs, and plants. 1819.
New York (City) Public Library. Plant forms in ornament (a bibli-
ography) comp. by M. F. Baldwin. 1933.
Nichols, B. The thatched roof . 1933.
Nissen, C. Botanische prachtwerke: die bliitezeit der pflanzen-
illustration von 1740 bis 1840. 1933. "
52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
O'Brien, H. R. The diary of a plain dirt gardener. 1933.
Ortloff, H. S. New gardens for old : how to remodel the home grounds,
by H. S. Ortloff and H. B. Raymore. 1934.
Otero, J. Catalogo de los nombres vulgares y scientificos de algunas
plantas Puertorriquefias, por J. I. Otero y R. A. Toro. 1931.
Phillipps, E. M. The gardens of Italy . . . ed. by A. T. Bolton. 1919.
Phillips, G. A. Aristocrats of the flower border : the finest perennials
for garden effect. 1934.
Phillips, J. Cider, a poem, with notes . . . and other illustrations by
C. Dunster. 1790?
Phillpotts, E. My shrubs. 1915.
Phipps, C. R. Blueberry and huckleberry insects. 1930.
Plath, 0. E. Bumblebees and their ways. 1934.
Ponsort, baron de. Monographic du genre oeillet, et principalement
de l'oeillet flamand (with Appendice a la monographic) ; 2d ed.
1844-1845. 2 vols.
Ponting, H. G. In lotus land : Japan ; new and rev. ed. 1922.
Prain, D. Flora of tropical Africa, volume 9. 1934.
Read, A. D. The profession of forestry. 1934.
Rendall, V. Wild flowers in literature. 1934.
Rigg, C. H. Roses of quality, a selection of some modern roses worth
growing in the garden. 1933.
Rivers, T. The miniature fruit garden ; or, The culture of pyramidal
and bush fruit trees, with instructions for root-pruning; 9th ed.
Rivers, T. The orchard house ; or, The cultivation of fruit trees in pots
under glass ; 8th ed. 1860.
Rivers, T. Rose amateur's guide, containing ample descriptions of all
the fine leading varieties of roses; 6th ed. corrected and improved.
Robbins, E., illus. Autumn leaves (a book of water color sketches).
Rockwell, F. F. Peonies. 1933.
Rohde, E. S. Gardens of delight. 1934.
Royal horticultural society. Daffodil year book. 1933.
Royal horticultural society. Lily year book. 1933.
Russell, P. Oriental flowering cherries. 1934.
Sanf ord, A. F., Arboretum. Planting list. 1934.
Sanders. List of orchid hybrids, 1931-1933. 1934?
Saunders, C. F. Useful wild plants of the United States and Canada ;
3d and rev. ed. 1934.
Sawyer, R. V. Water gardens and goldfish, by R. V. Sawyer and E. H.
Perkins; 2d ed. 1934.
LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 53
Scheepers, J. Inc., pub. Beauty from bulbs. 1930.
Seguierius, J. F. Bibliotheca botanica. 1740.
Shamel, A. D. Manual of corn judging; 2d ed. 1903.
Shoemaker, D. N. Descriptions of types of principal American vari-
eties of garden peas, by D. N. Shoemaker and E. J. Delwiche. 1934.
Shoemaker, J. S. Small-fruit culture, a text for instruction and
reference work and a guide for field practice. 1934.
Silva Tarouca, E., graf. Unsere freiland-nadelholzer; 2e neudurch-
gesehene und vermehrte auflage. 1923.
Slusser, E. Y. Stories of Luther Burbank and his plant school, by
E. Y. Slusser and others. 1920.
Small, J. K. Manual of the southeastern flora, being descriptions of
the seed plants growing naturally in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi,
"eastern Louisiana (etc.) 1933.
Smith, J. E. Florae Graecae prodromus: sive Plantarum omnium
enumeratio, quas in provinciis aut insulis Graeciae invenit Johan-
nes Sibthorp. 1806-1813. 2 vols.
Smith, L. H. Bermuda's "oldest inhabitants," tales of plant life. 1934.
Smythe, F. S. Kamet conquered. 1932.
Sprye, C. Flower decoration. 1934.
Stanford, E. E. Economic plants. 1934.
Stark, W. P. Inside facts of profitable fruit growing. 1916.
Starrett, V. Penny wise and book foolish. 1929.
Stebbing, M. E. Colour in the garden : plants and shrubs, their uses
. . . and colour-grouping. 1934.
Stout, A. B. Daylilies, the wild species and garden clones, both old
and new, of the genus Hemerocallis. 1934.
Sudell, B;. Landscape gardening: planning, construction, planting.
Taylor, A. D. Improving the home grounds.
Taylor, G. An account of the genus Meconopsis. 1934.
Taylor, H. C. Practical farm economies. 1924.
Thomas, J. J. The American fruit culturist. 1849.
Thompson, H. S. Sub-alpine plants; or, Flowers of the Swiss woods
and meadows. 1912.
Through the Arnold Arboretum. 1934.
Tilford, P. E. Diseases of ornamental plants. 1932.
Trattinick, L. Neue arten von Pelargonien deutschen ursprungs . . .
Trelease, W. The agaveae of Guatemala. 1915.
Tribute to the memory of Peter Collinson. 1851.
Tucker, A. H. The trees of Worcester (Massachusetts) : a list of the
trees, both native and introduced, that grow in our streets and
grounds, together with their locations. 1894.
54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Turner, W. The names of herbes, by William Turner, A.D. 1548 (with
an introduction, an index of English names, and an identification
of the plants enumerated by Turner) by James Britten. 1881.
Tusser, T. Thomas Tusser, 1557 floruit, his good points of husbandry,
collated and edited by Dorothy Hartley. 1931.
Volkamer, J. C. Nurnbergische hesperides ; oder griindliche beschreib-
ung der edlen citronat, citronen, und pomerantzen-friichte . . .
beneben der Flora (with the Continuation). 1708-1714. 2 vols.
Volz, G. B. Das Sans Souci Friedrichs des Grossen mit einem Anhang :
das San Souci von heute. 1926.
Vries, H. de. The mutation theory : experiments and observations on
the origin of species in the vegetable kingdom . . . trans, by J. B.
Farmer and A. D. Darbishire. 1909-1910. 2 vols.
Warner, M. F., comp. A bibliography of plant genetics, comp. by
M. F. Warner, M. A. Sherman, and E. M. Colvin. 1934.
Waugh, F. A. Rural improvement : the principles of civic art applied
to rural conditions. 1914.
Wethered, H. N. Short history of gardens. 1933.
White, A. The stapeliae, an introduction to this tribe of Asclepiada-
ceae, by A. White and B. L. Sloan. 1933.
Williams, C. The vegetable world ; 1st American ed. 1833.
Woods, W. C. Blueberry insects in Maine. 1915.
Woolf, V. Kew gardens. 1927.
Wright, R. Story of gardening from the hanging gardens of Babylon
to the hanging gardens of New York. 1934. .
Wright, R. Winter diversions of a gardener. 1934.
Yamanaka and co., pub. Selected arrangements of Moribana and
Heikwa. 1933. 2 vols.
Periodicals Received, 1934
Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales.
Alpine Garden Society. Bulletin.
Alpine Garden Society. Year Book.
American Amaryllis Society. Year Book.
* American Bee Journal.
American Carnation Society. Proceedings.
American Dahlia Society. Bulletin.
American Delphinium Society. Bulletin.
American Fern Journal.
American Fruit Grower Magazine.
* American Hortigraphs and Agronomic Review.
American Iris Society. Bulletin.
American Orchid Society. Bulletin.
American Peony Society. Bulletin.
American Rose Annual.
American Rose Magazine.
American Society for Horticultural Science. Proceedings.
American Society of Landscape Architects. Bimonthly Index to
Current Publications of Professional Interest.
Les Amis des Roses.
Annals of Botany.
Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information.
Arnold Arboretum. Journal.
Better Homes and Gardens.
Blumen- und Pflanzenbau.
Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions.
Breeze Hill News.
British Carnation Society. Carnation Yearbook.
British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record.
Cactus and Succulent Society of America. Journal.
Cactus and Succulent Society of Great Britain. Cactus Journal.
California Avocado Association. Yearbook.
California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin.
*Library keeps only the current year on file.
56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
California Garden Club Federation. Year Book.
Canadian Gladiolus Society. Quarterly.
Chrysanthemum Society of America. Bulletin.
City Gardens Club (New York). Bulletin.
Colorado Federation of Garden Clubs. Year Book.
*Country Life. New York.
Curtis's Botanical Magazine.
Desert Plant Life.
*Economia y Tecnica Agricola.
*Elementary English Review.
Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal.
Experiment Station Record.
F. T. D. News.
Federated Garden Clubs of Iowa. Iowa Gardens.
Federated Garden Clubs of Maryland. News.
Federated Garden Clubs of Michigan. Bulletin.
Federated Garden Clubs of New Jersey. Year Book.
Federated Garden Clubs of New York State. Year Book.
Florida Federation of Garden Clubs. Year Book.
Flowering Plants of South Africa.
Fruit World of Australasia.
Garden Club Exchange.
Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts. Yearbook.
Garden Club of America. Bulletin.
Garden Club of Kentucky. Year Book.
Garden Club of North Carolina. Year Book.
Garden Club of Virginia. Year Book.
*Library keeps only the current year on file.
PERIODICALS RECEIVED 57
Gardeners' Chronicle of America.
Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst- und Gartenbau.
Golden Gardens. .
Gray Herbarium. Contributions.
Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal.
* Guide to Nature.
Harvard University. Botanical Museum. Leaflets.
Home and Field.
Homes and Gardens of Tomorrow.
Hooker's Icones Plantarum.
Horticultural Society of New York. Monthly Bulletin.
Horticultural Society of New York. Yearbook.
House and Garden.
Illinois Gladiolus Society. Bulletin.
Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings.
Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions.
International Review of Agriculture.
Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions.
Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal.
Iris Society (England). Yearbook.
Jenkins Hemlock Arboretum. Bulletin.
* Library keeps only the current year on file.
58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Journal of Agricultural Research.
Journal of Botany, British and Foreign.
Journal of Economic Entomology.
Journal of Forestry.
Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science.
Kew. Royal Gardens. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information.
Landscape and Garden.
Linnasan Society. Journal.
Lloyd Library. Bulletin.
Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis.
Market Growers Journal.
Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Year Book.
Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters. Papers.
Michigan Horticultural Society. Year Book.
Michigan State Horticultural Society. Annual Report.
Mid West Dahlia News.
Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals.
Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin.
Mollers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung.
Montreal. Universite. Laboratoire de Botanique. Contributions.
Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information.
National Carnation and Picotee Society (England). Annual Report
National Council of State Garden Club Federations. Bulletin.
National Fertilizer Association. Proceedings.
National Horticultural Magazine.
National Rose Society (England). Rose Annual.
*Natur und Volk.
*Nature - Garden Guide.
* Nature Magazine.
New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook.
*New England Homestead.
New Flora and Silva.
New York Botanical Garden. Journal.
Ontario. Department of Agriculture. Statistics Branch. Annual
* Library keeps only the current year on file.
PERIODICALS RECEIVED 59
Ontario. Entomological Society. Annual Report.
Ontario. Horticultural Societies. Annual Report.
Ontario. Vegetable Growers Association. Annual Report.
Oregon Federation of Garden Clubs. Year Book.
Ortofrutticoltura Italian a.
Pacific Coast Garden.
*Parks and Recreation.
Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Yearbook.
Le Petit Jardin.
*Philippine Journal of Agriculture.
Plant Breeding Abstracts.
La Pomologie Franchise.
*Progressive Farmer and Southern Ruralist.
Quarterly Journal of Forestry.
Reale Societa Toscana di Orticultura. Bulletino.
Revue des Eaux et Forets.
Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Archivos.
Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Boletim.
Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society. Transactions.
Royal Horticultural Society. Daffodil Yearbook.
Royal Horticultural Society. Lily Yearbook.
Royal Horticultural Society. Journal.
Rural New Yorker.
Scottish Forestry Journal.
Seed Trade Buyers Guide.
Seed Trade News.
*Societe d'Horticulture de la Haute-Garonne. Annales.
* Societe d'Horticulture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin.
* Societe d'Horticulture et de Viticulture d'Epernay. Bulletin.
Societe Franchise du Dahlia. Journal.
Societe Nationale d'Horticulture de France. Bulletin.
Societe Royale de Botanique de Belgique. Bulletin.
Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture d'Anvers. Bulletin.
South African Gardening and Country Life.
Southern Florist and Nurseryman.
Southern Home and Garden.
♦Library keeps only the current year on file.
60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Tennessee Garden Club. Year Book.
Tokyo. Imperial University. Botanic Gardens. Catalogus seminum
Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin.
U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook.
Verein zum Schutze der Alpenpflanzen. Jahrbuch.
^Victoria, Australia. Department of Agriculture. Journal.
*Waltham, Mass. Field Station. Field Station Journal.
West Virginia Gardens. Year Book.
Wild Flower Preservation Society. Circulars.
Worcester County Horticultural Society. Schedule.
Your Garden and Home.
Zeitschrift fiir Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau.
Zeitschrift fiir Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz.
* Library keeps only the current year on file.
Gifts to the Library
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with
thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors in 1934:
Through the Arnold Arboretum. 1934.
Bijhouwer, J. T. P.
Collection of nursery catalogues.
Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R.
Recent discoveries in the Newfoundland flora, by M. L. Fernald.
Eustis, Mrs. Augustus H.
Britannia illustrata; or, Perspective views of the royal palaces,
and several of the most noted houses and gardens ... of
England, drawn by I. Knyff. 1749.
Flore f orestiere illustree : arbres et arbustes du centre de l'Europe,
par C. de Kirwan. 1782.
Farrington, E. I.
Modern guide to successful gardening, by M. G. Kains. 1934.
Planting lists for southern California, a handbook of ornamental
plants, by R. S. Hoyt. 1933.
Stories of Luther Burbank and his plant school, by E. Y. Slusser
and others ; ed. by L. M. Waldo. 1920.
Graves, Gertrude M.
Autumn leaves, a book of water color sketches by Ellen Robbins.
Collection of nursery catalogues.
Manning, Richard C. (from the libraries of Robert Manning and
Robert Manning Junior)
American fruit-book, by S. W. Cole. 1866.
American fruit culturist, by J. J. Thomas. 1849.
American orchardist, by J. Thacher ; 2d ed. much improved. 1825.
Arbres fruitiers, leur culture en Belgique et leur propagation par
la graine, par J. B. Van Mons. 1835-1836. 2 vols.
Autobiography and recollections of incidents connected with
horticultural affairs, etc., from 1807 up to this day, 1892, by
L. Menand; 2d ed. 1892.
Book of fruits, 1st series for 1838, by R. Manning. 1838.
Complete gardener and florist ; 9th ed. 1849.
Complete gard'ner, by J. de la Quintinye, abridged by G. London
and H. Wise, to which is prefix'd an address by J. Evelyn;
7th ed. corrected. 1719.
Elliott's fruit book, by F. R. Elliott. 1854.
European agriculture and rural economy from personal observa-
tion, by H. Colman. 1844-1848. 2 vols.
62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Farmer's companion, by J. Buel. 1839.
Fruits and fruit trees of America, by A. J. Downing. 1845.
Fruits and fruit trees of America, illus. with colored engravings,
by A. J. Downing. 1850.
Fruits and fruit trees of America by A. J. Downing ; 2d revision
and correction, with large additions, by Charles Downing. 1869.
Garden ; or, Familiar instructions for the laying out and manage-
ment of a flower garden. (Peter Parley's little library) 1834.
Garden manual, by the editors and contributors of the "Cottage
Gardener"; 5th ed. 1860?
History of English gardening, chronological, biographical, liter-
ary, and critical, by G. W. Johnson. 1829.
Hooper's western fruit book, by E. J. Hooper. 1857.
Miniature fruit garden; or, the culture of pyramidal and bush
fruit trees, with instructions for root-pruning, by T. Rivers;
9th ed. 1860.
Natural history of remarkable trees, shrubs and plants. 1819.
New American orchardist, by W. Kenrick; 7th ed. enlarged and
New England fruit book, by R. Manning; 2d ed. enlarged by
New England book of fruit, by R. Manning; 3d ed. rev. and
enlarged by J. M. Ives. 1847.
Orchard house; or, The cultivation of fruit trees in pots under
glass, by T. Rivers; 8th ed. 1860.
Pomological manual, by W. R. Prince. 1831.
Proceedings at a banquet given by his friends to the Hon. M. P.
Wilder, September 22, 1883. 1883.
Report on the trees and shrubs growing naturally in the forests
of Massachusetts, by G. B. Emerson. 1846.
Rose amateur's guide, by T. Rivers; 6th ed. corrected and im-
Supplement to the 5th ed. of "Country Life," by R. M. Copeland.
Supplement to the practical treatise on the culture of florists'
flowers, by T. Hogg. 1833.
Theory of horticulture, by J. Lindley; 1st American edition, with
notes, etc., by A. J. Downing and A. Gray. 1841.
Treasury of botany, ed. by J. Lindley and T. Moore ; new and rev.
ed. 1889. 2 vols.
Treatise on some of the insects injurious to vegetation, by T. W.
Harris; 3d ed. 1862.
Treatise on the culture and management of fruit trees, by W.
Forsyth ; 7th ed. corrected. 1824.
GIFTS TO THE LIBRARY 63
Treatise on the materia medica, intended as a sequel to the Phar-
macopoeia of the United States, by J. Bigelow. 1822.
Treatise on the theory and practice of landscape gardening
adapted to North America, by A. J. Downing; 2d ed. 1844.
Trees of America, native and foreign, pictorially and botanically
delineated, and scientifically and popularly described, by D. J.
Vegetable world, by C. Williams; 1st American ed. 1833.
Window gardener, by E. S. Rand Jr. 1872.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Woody plants of Iowa in winter condition, by H. D. Harrington.
New York Herald-Tribune.
Improving the home grounds, by A. D. Taylor.
New York State College of Agriculture.
Collection of nursery catalogues.
Rubel, R. 0., Jr.
Plant life of Alabama, by C. Mohr. 1901.
Sanf ord Arboretum.
Planting list of the A. F. Sanford Arboretum. 1934.
Sprague, Mrs. Isaac.
Book about the garden and the gardener, by S. R. Hole. 1892.
Colour in the flower garden, by G. Jekyll. 1908.
Gardens for small country houses, by G. Jekyll and L. Weaver;
2d ed. rev. and enlarged. 1913.
History of the expedition of Captains Lewis and Clark, 1804-5-6,
reprinted from the ed. of 1814 with introduction and index by
J. K. Hosmer; 2d ed. 1903. 2 vols.
Home and garden, by G. Jekyll. 1900.
Lilies for English gardens, by G. Jekyll. 1901.
Roses for English gardens, by G. Jekyll and E. Mawley. 1902.
Wall and water gardens, by G. Jekyll. 1901.
Wood and garden, notes and thoughts, practical and critical, of a
working amateur, by G. Jekyll. 1899.
Van Olpen, H. A.
Dutch bulbs, their history and treatment, by J. F. C. Dix, English
by T. J. Bakker; ed. and printed by H. A. Van Olpen. 1912.
Verges, E. M.
Catalogo de los nombres volgares y scientificos de algunas plantas
Puertorriqueiias, pro J. I. Otero y R. A. Toro. 1931.
Ecological survey of the flora of Porto Rico, by M. T. Cook and
H. A. Gleason. 1928.
The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the
Mrs. Grafton S. L. Abbott
Hon. Charles H. Allen
Miss Grace Allen
Miss L. Mabel Allen
Mrs. Philip N. Ayres
Miss Annie Bacon
Mrs. Richard P. Baer
Mrs. Helen B. Barrett
Mrs. William Emerson Barrett
Mr. Franklin H. Beebe
Mrs. Carle M. Bigelow
Mr. Frank Blackwell
Miss Elizabeth E. Boit
Mr. Seth A. Borden
Mrs. Emma C. Buckley
Mrs. Godfrey Lowell Cabot
Mrs. Pierre Chouteau
Mr, J. Warren Clark
Mr. Robert H. Clark
Mr. John C. Cobb
Mrs. Sarah E. Conant
Mr. Harold J. Coolidge
Miss Elizabeth A. Cotton
Dr. W. J. Councilman
Miss Mary P. Cunningham
Mr. Charles H. Curtis
Mr. Clarence H. Cutler
Mr. Bancroft Chandler Davis
Mrs. Wayland C. Davis
Mr. F. H. Day
Mr. Philip Dexter
Mr. John P. Dorgan
Mr. Louis Stoughton Drake
Mr. Charles Fairchild
Mrs. John K. M. L. Farquhar
Mr. Robert Farquhar
Mr. Arthur H. Fewkes
Miss Alena Finlay
Miss Jane M. Furber
Mr. Percival Gallagher
Mr. Allan V. Garratt
Mrs. James Geddes
Mrs. R. M. Gibbs
Mr. Arthur E. Gilman
Miss Nellie Gray
Mrs. Francis B. Harrington
Mr. George Hawley
Mr. F. Heeremans
Mr. C. T. Hilmers
Mrs. Henry E. Holbrook
Mr. Eber Holmes
Mr. Osborne Howes
Dr. Delbert L. Jackson
Mr. Aaron Johnson
Mr. Frank Josifko
Mrs. Sarah Vinal Keene
Mrs. Leonard P. Kinnicutt
Mr. George C. Lee
Mrs. J. H. Libby
Mr. Samuel C. Lord
Mr. A. Chandler Manning
Mr. Arthur D. Marble
Mr. George H. May
Miss Grace L. Merrill
Mr. James Metevier
Mrs. W. D. Miller
Mr. Charles Mockf ord
Mrs. Frank G. Nelson
Mr. James Arthur Nixon
Mr. Charles E. O'Brien
Mr. John Ostler
Mr. Gabriel Dias Paiva
Miss C. E. Perkins
Mr. James J. Phelan
Dr. Abner Post
Mrs. Nellie C. Preston
Mrs. Fanny C. Ransom
Mr. Charles A. Read
Mrs. Caroline Saunders
Mrs. Robert G. Shaw
Mr. H. A. Siebrecht
Mrs. George A. Strong
Mr. William C. Thairlwall
Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer
Mrs. A. T. Tilton
Mr. Edward D. Ver Planck
Mr. Thomas A. Watson
Mrs. F. B. Wheeler
Mrs. Edward Hastings Wiswall
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit
and Flower Mission
The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission is very
grateful to the Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society for their continued cooperation, which has enabled the
mission to relieve some of the tension under which people have
been living the past year.
The extreme Winter of 1934 took its toll of gardens, many
of which had already shown the effects of the depression. Then
came the dry Summer and in some of the towns the use of the
hose was prohibited. In spite of these adverse conditions the
Fruit and Flower Mission received during its hamper season
at the four centers a higher total of hampers, baskets, boxes,
etc., than at any time in its history — 641 from 30 towns.
We missed the generous donations of vegetables and fruits
of former years — and the need for these is always acute — but
the flowers cheered many discouraged people.
When the train service from Groton was discontinued our
good friends of the Boston and Maine Railroad arranged to
have the hamper sent by bus to Nashua, N. H., and placed on
the train from that point, resulting in a 100 per cent record
for this well-filled hamper.
Three hundred and twenty-four baskets filled with jelly,
oranges, candy, tea balls, soup and other "goodies" carried
Thanksgiving and Christmas joy to lonely and sick shut-ins
and "white collar" recipients.
A quantity of seeds, bulbs and plants were distributed for
planting in the 300 back yard gardens.
The wards of four hospitals and a convalescent home were
brightened by the visits of our hospital unit with their gay
baskets of flowers.
We especially appreciate the kindness of the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society in giving us the use of the lecture hall
for a benefit lecture on Africa, given by Dr. and Mrs. Carl L.
Watson. The friendly interest of Mr. Farrington means much
to our work.
Contributions — which may be left on any week day morning
throughout the year in our basement room at Horticultural
Hall — help greatly to build up the morale of individuals fac-
ing the insecurity of our times.
Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary.
OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES
PRESENTED AT THE
ANNUAL MEETING MAY 6, 1935
WITH A LIST OF MEMBERS
ADMITTED IN 1934
Annual Meeting, 1935
The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society was held at 3 p.m. on Monday, May 6, being preceded
by a lecture by the Secretary, in which he reviewed the activities
of the previous year, illustrating his talk with lantern slides.
In the absence of the President, Mr. Edwin S. Webster, who
was traveling in the West, the meeting was presided over by
Professor Oakes Ames, Vice-President. Professor Ames an-
nounced that Mr. Paul Frese and Miss Phyllis Allen had been
The Secretary read the call for the meeting and the minutes
of the previous meeting. He then read the annual address of
the President in Mr. Webster's absence. This was followed by
the reports of the Secretary, the Treasurer and the chairmen
of the various committees, all of which are appended.
The President's Address
I am writing my brief address to the members of the Massa-
chusetts Horticultural Society with the knowledge that I shall
be away when the meeting is held and that the necessity of
reading it will devolve upon the Secretary. I wish to convey to
the members my feeling of regret that I can not be present and
to say to them that the prosperity and development of the
Society in all its various activities is something very close to
The record of the Society throughout its long history and in
more recent years is one of which we may well be proud. The
Society has made steady progress throughout the years of
the depression. The fact seems rather surprising, inasmuch as
most societies have been forced to admit the loss of member-
ship. The Massachusetts Horticultural Society now has a total
membership of 8,217. It gives a total increase of 607. The
present membership is by far the largest in the history of the
Society and, of course, no other similar organization in the
country has a membership even half as large. The Secretary
tells me that he feels that the membership can be increased to
10,000, which would be as large a membership as can be taken
care of without a somewhat decided increase in expense. The
number of life members, unfortunately, has fallen off slightly
and the President again urges that annual members become
life members when they find that they can conveniently do so.
70 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
The need of increasing the life membership list must be
The President was obliged to report last year that the in-
come of the Society had fallen off to such an extent that the
Treasurer's book showed a deficit. I am glad to say that the
situation for 1934 was somewhat improved, although the year
was ended with a loss of about $650, partly because of the
failure of the Autumn show to make the financial success
anticipated. The officers of the Society have met the situation
fairly and have agreed upon methods of economy which should
keep the budget balanced this year. The heads of committees
and departments were called together by the Committee on
Finance and instructed to reduce expenditures where this
could be done without interfering with the necessary work of
the Society. It is probable that the plan of holding a large
Autumn flower show will be done away with at least for the
present, but that a show will be substituted at much less ex-
pense which will give the public an opportunity to view such
plants as they can grow in their gardens.
The Society has been fortunate in its associations with the
garden clubs and similar organizations, and the President
takes this opportunity to express his appreciation of the
assistance given the Society by the officers of the Garden Club
Federation of Massachusetts and for continued cooperation on
the part of the New England Gladiolus Society, the New
England Dahlia Society and other organizations for the im-
provement of horticulture. "We are glad to extend the facilities
of this building to organizations of this kind. I can not make
it too plain that the Society exists for the sole purpose of
making itself useful to all persons engaged in horticulture as
a vocation or as an avocation. The garden clubs have brought
many visitors to the library in search of information and have
added to our membership in no small measure. It would be
difficult to overestimate their influence.
For a few months last Summer the curve on the library
chart indicating the demand for books went down. I am glad
to say that it has gone up again and that the demand for books
is now heavy — something which indicates a healthy interest in
gardening matters. The Society is extremely proud of its
Library and this part is justified because it can be matched by
few institutions anywhere in the world. Important additions
72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
are being made every year under the direction of the chairman
of the Library Committee, Mr. Kidder, and the Librarian,
Miss Manks, frequently makes an exhibit of valuable and
interesting books in cases in the library. I hope that members
of the Society will make an effort to see some of these exhibits.
You will be interested to know that many of the books in the
library are so valuable and such excellent examples of the
book maker's art that the master printers of the city occa-
sionally ask for the privilege of reading in our library in
order to discuss these books and the way in which they are
Our relations with the other horticultural societies, particu-
larly in New York, Pennsylvania, Worcester, the North Shore
and Cape Cod, have continued most cordial. "We are happy to
have the cooperation of the North Shore Horticultural Society
and the Cape Cod Horticultural Society in flower shows. The
Society is in touch, through its Secretary, with horticultural
organizations in many parts of the country and has been
instrumental in helping some of them to increase and broaden
The President wishes at this time to express his appreciation
of the cooperation and assistance given him throughout the
past year by the other officers and the employees of the Society
and by the various committees, some of which have given much
time and effort in the Society's interests.
Edwin S. Webster, President.
Report of the Secretary
As the President has stated in his report, the Society now
has the largest membership in its history and seems likely to
have 8,500 by the end of the year. The constant growth of the
Society has brought about a large increase in its activities and
greater demands upon its resources. The increase in member-
ship fees, together with a reasonable profit from the Spring
show has enabled the continuance of these activities in spite of
the fact that there has been a marked shrinkage in receipts
There is every reason to believe that the work of the Society
will continue to expand. When the books were closed at the
end of April, it was found that that month had brought in
74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
$2,644 in membership fees. This is the largest amount ever
received in one month from this source in the Society's history.
The month which came nearest was that of April in 1932 when
a total of $2,374 was received.
The Society has necessarily become involved in business
operations to a considerable extent although its aims and pur-
poses continue to be educational and philanthropical. The
turnover is perhaps much larger than the average member
realizes. In April the Society paid out $52,000. Of course,
April is not a typical month because it is in that month that
most of the bills contracted at the Spring flower show — and
this includes about $24,000 in prizes — are paid. A more de-
tailed record of the receipts and expenditures will be found in
the Treasurer's report, a digest of which will be read here and
which will appear in full in the year book to be issued in a
The Secretary may say, incidentally, that this year book
deserves the attention of all members of the Society. It con-
tains a large amount of information to be obtained from no
other source and is designed to provide a complete history of
the Society's operations from year to year. An effort is made
to get into the year books all kinds of information which may
be of value to posterity or to any one who may in the distant
future write another history of the Society or prepare a sequel
to the Society's present excellent history, which was brought
up to the centennial year. This history, by the way, was
originally published at three dollars, but the Trustees last year
voted to dispose of a limited number of copies at one dollar
each. Any member of the Society or any person interested in
the Society's work may purchase a copy of the Society's history
substantially bound and attractively illustrated at the Secre-
tary's office at any time for one dollar.
The fact that the Society had ended two financial years with
a deficit prompted the Finance Committee and the Executive
Committee to hold a joint meeting last Winter and to canvass
the entire situation. It became obvious to these committees that
the falling off in revenue from investments and from rentals
and the increase in various expenses owing to the enlarged
membership made measures of economy imperative. Accord-
ingly, a budget was prepared for 1935 and is now in effect.
76 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Under this budget each department is required to reduce its
expenditures wherever possible and to exercise rigid economy.
This applies in part to the Summer and Fall shows although
ample amounts have been appropriated to make these shows
worth while. The early June show, however, was dropped for
1935, by vote of the Exhibition Committee. In view of these
economies and the vote of the committee not to undertake a
pretentious Autumn show with an admission fee and in view
of the increased cost of living, it was deemed possible to restore
the salary cuts which had been in effect.
The Spring flower show has come to be depended upon as a
necessary source of revenue. Without a substantial profit
from this show, the Society would find it difficult to stage its
free shows throughout the Summer and Autumn months. The
report of the chairman of the Committee on Exhibitions will
give you some of the important facts relating to the different
The Committee on Gardens, with Mrs. Bayard Thayer as
chairman, visited many gardens last year and in its report on
October 5 recommended the award of the H. H. Hunnewell
Medal to Mr. Grenville Lindall Winthrop for his estate in
Lenox. The committee also recommended the Society's gold
medals for award to the estate of Mrs. Galen L. Stone in
Marion and to the rose garden of Mr. Jere A. Downs in Win-
chester. These awards were made by vote of the trustees, as
were the following: a silver medal to Mrs. Francis Boardman
Crowninshield for her rose garden in Marblehead and a silver
medal to Mrs. Pierpont L. Stackpole for her garden in Man-
chester; a blue ribbon certificate to Mr. and Mrs. George B.
Baker for their garden at Chestnut Hill ; a blue ribbon certifi-
cate to Mrs. Gaspar G. Bacon for her flower pot garden in
Jamaica Plain ; a blue ribbon certificate to Dr. and Mrs. Amos
Hadley for their garden in Wayland ; a blue ribbon certificate
to Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby for a remarkable horn-
beam hedge on her estate at Manchester ; and. a blue ribbon
certificate to Mrs. Charles Sumner Bird, Jr., for her driveway
in Ipswich. The Hunnewell medal awarded to Mr. Winthrop
was a new medal cast last year from a design made by John
Paramino from the H. H. Hunnewell Fund, which has been in
existence for many years. The first medal struck was sent to
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 77
the Hunnewell family. Mr. Winthrop received the second
At the same meeting, the Committee on Special Medals,
with Professor Oakes Ames as chairman, recommended the
award of the George Robert White Medal of Honor to Captain
F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector and explorer ; the
award of the Thomas Roland Medal to William Kleinheinz of
Elkins Park, Pa., superintendent for Mr. Joseph Widener ;
and the award of the Jackson Dawson Medal to Mr. H. Harold
Hume of Gainesville, Fla. The recommendations were adopted
and the awards made.
Later in the year the Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase, costing
$1,000 and offered each year for the most outstanding exhibit
at any of the Society's exhibitions in the course of that year,
was awarded to the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum for its
exhibit at the Autumn show.
At the May meeting last year, the Committee on Exhibitions
was augmented by the addition of Mrs. Roger S. Warner,
William Ellery and Harold Hill Blossom. At that time also
Mr. Ellery was made chairman of the Committee on Prizes.
No other important changes in the membership of committees
or of the board were made in the course of the year.
Mr. Nehrling continued his excellent work as Exhibition
Manager, and Mr. James Geehan was given full charge of the
advertising department of Horticulture, as will be seen by the
report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications.
The garden clubs have held several meetings and conferences
in the hall in the past year, and the courtesies of the hall have
been extended to many other organizations of a horticultural
The Boston Mycological Club has continued to hold exhibi-
tions each Monday throughout the season, but has suffered the
loss of one of its oldest and most active members, Mrs. Eliza
Because of a new appraisement of the building and its con-
tents and a consequent reduction in rates, the amount of in-
surance premiums due each year has been reduced by several
hundred dollars. These insurance premiums are an important
item of expense and amount to about $3,000 each year.
The Society has continued to work closely with other organi-
Cymbidium Beatrice, exhibited by J ere A. Downs at the Spring
flower show and awarded the gold medal of The Pennsylvania
Horticultural Society as having the best culture of any exhibit
in the show
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 79
zations in the cleaning up and development of backyards in
the adjoining colored section. Mrs. Robert G. Stone, wife of
one of the Trustees, again gave $75 for the award of prizes to
garden contest winners. The Secretary awarded these prizes at
a public meeting in one of the schoolhouses.
The University Extension Division of the State Department
of Education held a course in the hall in cooperation with this
Society and had an average attendance of about 60 and was in
charge of Mr. Robert Sturtevant.
The receipts for rentals have continued to fall off in spite
of every effort to obtain new rentals. In 1934 they were only
$3,039.55 as against $6,912.90. The principal loss is found in
the fact that the food fair, for many years a fixture in this
hall has been merged with a more general show at Mechanics
The Society has undertaken to find employment for private
gardeners who have lost their positions because of poor busi-
ness conditions and their advertisements have been placed
without charge in Horticulture. Several men have been placed.
Indeed the demand for gardeners seems to have been larger
than for several years, although mostly for men to take charge
of small places at lower salaries than once prevailed.
The Society has received a number of gifts during the year,
among them two letters of special interest. These letters were
written by Edward S. Rand, Jr., who was recording secretary
about 75 years ago, to Jackson Dawson, who later became
famous as superintendent of the Arnold Arboretum. One of
them was written to Mr. Dawson while he was in the army,
but the other has to do with the discovery of Scotch heather
found by young Dawson in Tewksbury and reported by him
to the Society. Members who have read the history of the
Society will remember that Dawson was suspected of trying
to perpetrate a hoax and narrowly escaped a reprimand, al-
though later he demonstrated the fact that heather in abun-
dance was actually growing at the spot indicated by him.
The Secretary desires to express warm appreciation of the
support given him by the officers and members throughout
Edward I. Farrington, Secretary.
80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Report of the Treasurer
STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
AT DECEMBER 31, 1934
Cash in banks and on hand $ 34,426.72
Bursar : In bank 796.04
On hand 10.00
Savings bank deposits 1,337.38
Investments — valued at cost — Schedule A-l 508,083.52
Capital Assets — see Note 1 587,855.63
Real estate $498,564.63
Improvements and additions to buildings 24,674.60 ;
Furniture and exhibition ware 9,391.99
Massachusetts Horticultural Society History . . 6,331.38
Lantern slides 2,312.56
Deferred charges : Spring Show, 1935 2,233.13
Liabilities and Capital Funds
Sundry funds $441,692.25
Special uses : Principal $156,713.73
Unexpended income 8,035.22
General uses : Principal 276,943.30
Accounts payable 82.51
Life membership fees 21,094.00
Mount Auburn Cemetery fund 47,468.72
Surplus (Capital) 28,936.78
Balance, January 1, 1934 $28,768.90
Add : Gain on sale of securities 167.88
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 81
Surplus (Earned) $28,800.04
Balance, January 1, 1934 $29,359.14
Add : Adjustment for prior years 82.50
Less : Excess of expenditure over income 641.60
Note 1 : Capital assets are stated at cost. Depreciation on capital assets
has not been provided for.
Note 2 : Massachusetts Horticultural Society publishes semi-monthly a
publication entitled Horticulture. On December 31, 1934, there was due from
advertisers in Horticulture $5,582.35, and there were bills outstanding for
printing, paper, etc., amounting to $407.61. The financial records of
Horticulture are kept on the cash receipts and payments basis. The amounts
due from advertisers and the indebtedness for printing, paper, etc., are not
reflected in the above statement.
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE
Year ended Year ended
Income December 31, 1934 December 31, 1933
Income from investments and
bank interest (less proportion
allocated to restricted funds) $22,299.22 $20,070.12
Membership fees 13,641.00 12,550.00
Rentals 3,039.55 6,912.90
Spring Show: 1934 21,364.31
Incidentals 498.03 172.59
Sale of lots — Mt. Auburn
Lantern slides — income 61.90 36.60
Library catalogues 3.00
Add : Horticulture income 1,488.89
Operating expenses :
Building expenses $17,425.31 $17,745.67
Library appropriation 2,419.84 1,449.38
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 83
Library expenses $ 4,014.63 $ 4,292.91
Office and general expense . . . 29,280.85 25,407.23
Misc. exhibition expense 3,715.89 4,466.54
Fall Show— 1934 3,219.37
Awards and Lectures :
Lectures $ 85.00 $ 17.30
Medals and certificates 532.79 1,294.41
Judges' fees 175.00 55.00
Prizes in excess of income of
funds 659.99 259.00
Add : Horticulture loss 19.94
Excess of expenditure over income —
transferred to Income Account $641.60 $2,819.72
INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1934
Rate Maturity Cost
% Date Value
$ 5,000 American European Securities 5 1958 $ 5,000.00
5,000 American Tel. & Tel. Co 5 1946 4,973.75
20,000 American Tel. & Tel. Co 5 1965 20,106.94
15,000 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe 4 1995 12,450.00
8,000 Boston & Maine R. R— Registered 4y 2 1944 8,000.00
15,000 Columbus Electric & Power Co 5 1954 14,700.00
6,000 Commonwealth Edison 4V 2 1956 5,745.00
11,000 Consolidated Gas Co. of N. Y 5 1957 10,340.00
15,000 Georgia Power Company 5 1967 14,550.00
9,000 Hydraulic Power Co. of Niagara Falls .... 5 1951 8,982.50
15,000 Indianapolis Gas Company 5 1952 14,775.00
10,000 International Match Co 5 1941 6,161.25
20,000 Louisiana Power & Light Co 5 1957 19,200.00
10,000 New York Central R. R 5 2013 9,950.00
15,000 New York Power & Light Co 4y 2 1967 14,197.00
15,000 Norfolk & Western 4 1996 13,050.00
5,000 North American Edison Co. "C" 5 1969 4,775.00
9,000 Northern Ohio Power & Light Co 5V 2 1951 8,278.75
15,000 Pacific Gas & Electric Co 5y 2 1952 15,406.25
12,000 Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Co 5 1937 11,670.00
6,300 Pere Marquette R. R. Co 5 1956 5,538.25
9,000 Philadelphia Suburban Water Co 5 1955 9,300.99
14,000 Potomac Edison 5 1956 12,222.22
84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
10,000 Public Utilities Corp 5y 2 1947 $ 9,925.00
20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5% 1949 17,445.00
15,000 Railway & Light Securities 5 1951 14,587.50
25,000 Shawinigan Water Power Co 4y 2 1968 24,625.00
8,000 Shell Pipe Line Corp 5 1952 7,663.75
13,000 Southern Public Utilities 5 1943 11,862.50
10,000 Southern California Telephone Co 5 1947 9,550.00
15,000 Union Pacific R. R 4 1947 13,650.00
5,000 United Drug, Inc 5 1953 4,518.75
10,000 Washington Water Power Co 5 1960 9,418.75
5,000 Western Electric Co 5 1944 4,825.00
5,000 Western Union Telegraph Co 5 1938 4,982.50
Total bonds $382,426.65
56 American Tel. & Tel. Co $10,176.88
200 Buffalo, Niagara & Eastern Power Preferred 4,150.00
265 186 / 6 oo Electric Bond & Share Co.^1
2,726 General Electric Co. Special V 38,147.92
2,192 General Electric Co. Common J
500 National Power & Light $6 Preferred 50,750.00
160 North American Co. $3 Preferred 6,871.50
100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Preferred 7,548.75
30 Fisk Rubber Co. Preferred 8,011.82
365 2 /e Radio Corp. of America Common
Total stocks $125,656.87
SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1934
Income to be used for Special Purposes
Total Income Principal
Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00
Josiah Bradlee Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,109.44 $4,109.44 30,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 19,816.00 184.00 20,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage 1,392.25 142.25 1,250.00
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 85
John Chaffin Fund $1,040.89 $ 40.89 $1,000.00
William N. Craig Fund 2,641.90 141.90 2,500.00
Benjamin B. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00
Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,418.87 191.87 3,227.00
John S. Farlow Fund 2,507.55 7.55 2,500.00
John S. Farlow Fund — Newton
Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42
Benjamin V. French— No. 1 500.00 500.00
Benjamin V. French— No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00
John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00
John D. Williams French Fund 12,207.38 525.50 11,681.88
Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 1 755.50 255.50 500.00
H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 2 1,952.50 47.50 2,000.00
H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 3 ........ 1,500.00. 1,500.00
John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
Theodore Lyman Fund— No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Theodore Lyman Fund^-No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00
Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 1,270.00 470.00 800.00
Thomas Roland Fund 3,474.71 474.71 3,000.00
John Lewis Russell Fund 1,503.48 503.48 1,000.00
Show Fund 35,000.00 35,000.00
William J. Walker Fund 2,315.45 3S.98 2,354.43
Levi Whitcomb Fund 501.00 1.00 500.00
George Robert White Fund 11,440.10 1,440.10 10,000.00
Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,000.90 .90 1,000.00
Total $164,748.95 $8,035.22 $156,713.73
Income to be used for General Purposes
Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00
John Chany Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00
Arthur F. Estabrook 47,500.00 47,500.00
Ida F. Estabrook 11,238.76 11,238.76
Caroline F. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00
Francis Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54
Francis Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00
Margaret Whitney Fund 100.00 100.00
Total $276,943.30 $276,943.30
86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
SPRING SHOWS, 1934 AND 1933
Income , 1934 N f 1933 ^
Regular admissions . , $51,118.75 $33,212.45
Trade tickets 3,574.25 2,268.75
Students' tickets 137.25 953.50
Members' tickets 5,843.00 4,066.00
Garden club tickets 3,033.75 1,918.00
Preview tickets 631.75
Women's club tickets 63.00
Miscellaneous tickets 166.00
Advertising — programs 232.33
Flower booth 599.45 768.41
Checking 400.10 354.50
Restaurant 1,240.18 703.43
Trade space 7,368.40 6,198.98
Wheel chair 96.73 20.03
Peat and paper 749.01
Printing $ 1,989.05 $ 1,490.35
Advertising 5,717.75 4,661.15
Postage 422.55 284.75
Supplies 590.82 506.40
Salaries 4,264.41 5,244.98
Rentals 8,371.65 7,267.72
Trees and plants, etc 1,285.40 1,868.87
Prizes 18,665.77 14,316.50
Garden clubs expense 500.00 500.00
Commissions paid 3,775.35
Insurance 231.58 325.00
Garden awards 750.00 625.00
Music 1,500.00 1,500.00
Medals and certificates 973.10 623.09
Decorating 1,839.57 339.00
Incidentals 1,757.23 1,990.16
Judges and committee expense . 636.66
53,270.89 • 41,542.97
Excess of income over expenditure —
transferred to General Income $21,364.31 $9,552.83
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 87
Statement of Income and Expenditure
Year ended Year ended
Income December 31, 1934 December 31, 1933
Advertising $19,075.15 $16,789.67
Subscriptions 18,459.35 . 17,492.16
Books 522.06 164.87
Garden Club News 2,770.38 699.70
Miscellaneous 1,161.95 89.92
Printing $17,825.02 $15,883.25
Paper 6,829.97 5,863.02
Cuts 2,844.63 2,020.18
Wrappers 530.16 473.15
Postage 4,339.95 3,458.77
Books 361.83 119.18
Commissions and discounts .... 3,361.82 4,035.58
Contributors 810.25 707.10
Garden Club News 1,462.86 83.00
Miscellaneous 3,642.34 1,104.20
Net loss or net income $19.94 $1,488.89
Year ended Year ended
31, 1934 31, 1933
Labor $10,148.53 $9,345.25
Supplies 218.72 317.88
Heating 1,270.70 987.63
Lighting 1,809.03 1,248.70
Telephone 82.35 75.15
Repairs 1,325.86 3,008.82
Insurance 2,064.45 2,393.44
Incidentals 440.47 368.80
Total $17,425.31 $17,745.67
88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Year ended Year ended
31, 1934 31, 1933
Printing $ 66.25 $191.50
Binding and repairs 1,564.56 933.82
Books and periodicals 461.92 164.98
Supplies 148.32 76.48
Extra labor and salaries 147.09 48.60
Incidentals 4.95 3.50
Total $2,419.84 $1,449.38
Year ended Year ended
31, 1934 31, 1933
Salaries $3,894.63 $4,049.00
Stationery and postage 90.38 45.72
Supplies 17.59 133.31
Insurance 10.13 2.00
Repairs 1.90 4.75
Total $4,014.63 $4,292.91
OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSE
Year ended Year ended
31, 1934 31, 1933
Salaries $17,582.59 $13,880.50
Stationery and postage 2,030.52 2,054.68
Printing 1,965.44 2,065.63
Supplies 298.55 368.82
Telephone and telegraph 614.31 535.09
Repairs 11.35 8.45
Binding 5.27 31.45
Traveling 224.52 26.50
Members' subscriptions to Horticulture 5,652.87 5,215.26
Incidentals 895.43 1,145.85
Total $29,280.85 $25,407.23
John S. Ames, Treasurer.
90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Report of the Library Committee
The theme of this report is service to patrons, in lending
books and in finding information. It is a report of both accom-
plishment and need.
During 1934 our Library loaned 5,513 volumes, only a slight
gain over the year before. The drop in rate does not disturb
your committee, however, for libraries of all kinds, stimulated
of late by the depression, have felt the same reaction. To
counteract it in our own case, there was enthusiasm over the
courses given by the National Association of Gardeners and
by our own Society. The Library Committee were glad to
cooperate with the Committee on Lectures and Publications
and with the instructors by buying whatever books were
needed for the courses.
The most important fact about the Library is not that it
buys or lends a certain number of volumes. One should think
of it first as a reservoir of information and pleasure. A reader
does not borrow any book he picks up ; he chooses what will
solve his definite problem, or broaden his knowledge, or give
him enjoyment. One reader wants to make a thorough study
of aquilegia, the literature of which is much scattered. Another
asks for the life and portrait of Captain Kingdon Ward. A
landscape architect asks for authentic material on the design
and construction of colonial garden houses, for a restoration
project. The buying of books to meet such varied needs is one
of the most important problems of the committee.
This year the Library has acquired two books of unusual
rarity and importance. Andrew Mollet's "The Garden of
Pleasure . . ." was published in London in 1670. Ours is the
only copy in this country, so far as we know. Its author was
brought from France into England to introduce the new
French "parterres de broderie" which his father was laying
out so magnificently for Louis XIII, and the book is full of
similar elaborate designs. The second is a copy of the 1599
edition of Gerard's list of the plants grown in his garden at
Holborn. Gerard was an extensive collector, and had over a
thousand varieties, many of them novelties imported from
Europe and America. From it we get at first hand an insight
into the resources of the best gardens of the seventeenth
From time to time through the year, exhibits of our books
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 91
are on display. As this report appears, there is a group of
seventeenth century English gardening books, the contempo-
raries of Gerard's list, and of other books that Gerard may
well have used.
There are now 23,383 bound volumes in the Library. Five
hundred and eighty-seven of them were added during the past
year by purchase, gift, or binding. It is impossible to enu-
merate gifts in this report, but a full list of them will be
printed in the Year Book. To all the donors the committee
make grateful acknowledgment.
Last Spring for the first time an inventory was taken. The
shelf list used as a basis was made at intervals between 1928
and 1932, so that it seems certain that some of the 75 missing
volumes disappeared during that period. We are happy to
report that 25 have already been found, and others will prob-
ably come to light. We are taking such steps as seem to be
called for in recovering them.
During the past few years, economy has been a practice
familiar to us all ; in the Library it has reduced the staff and
slowed down the work. The temporary abandonment of work
on the magazine index has been a distinct handicap.
Given a certain space and a certain income, we can not buy
indiscriminately. There is in the air a tendency for "special
libraries" to get together. From this movement we may hope
for an agreement amongst libraries as to which shall try to
acquire which lines of literature.
This is not so simple as it may sound. There are, of course,
many reference books which are important for all libraries.
Standard works, such as Gerard, Parkinson, Linnseus, Gray,
are books to which every one should have access. Many a book
is less important in its entirety yet has chapters given to
gardening, exploration, architecture, medicine, botany, or
other subjects. The problem is to know to which library these
books should go — if inexpensive and well-balanced, to every
library ; but if rare and strong on one subject only, then to the
library specializing on that topic.
Let us suppose such a happy solution of our difficulties for
meeting competition and suppose, too, that we have agreed to
a system of interlibrary loans ; are our troubles over ? No, for
we need a catalogue which will tell us which library has a cer-
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 93
tain book without having to refer to the special catalogue of
each individual library.
Utopian as these suggestions may sound, they did not origi-
nate with the present writer. They are based on trends, and
partly on accomplishments of the age. We must realize that to
develop along these lines money is needed and time and study.
Nathaniel T. Kidder, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications
It is gratifying to report that Horticulture has increased in
circulation and in advertising patronage as well as in size the
past year. At the same time, the fact must be admitted that
conditions in the publishing field are far from being as satis-
factory as we might wish. This fact is shown in the reluctance
of advertisers to make contracts and in the difficulties expe-
rienced in making collections.
In the course of 1934, Walter Adams Johnson of New York
closed up all of his advertising contracts and ceased to have
any connection with the paper. All of the advertising work is
now conducted from this office under the direction of James
Geehan, advertising manager. This has proved to be a wise
step. It has resulted in a marked increase in the volume of
advertising obtained and a distinct improvement in the char-
acter of the copy used. Losses have been greatly reduced as a
result of this system and Mr. Geehan has been able to make
collections on a large number of accounts which we were al-
most ready to charge off as worthless.
The circulation at the beginning of 1934 was 22,123. At the
present time it is approximately 25,000. Part of the increase
is due, of course, to the increase in the membership of this
Society and the Pennsylvania society, the latter organization
having put on about 300 new members for the present year.
Last year's report showed a serious falling off in advertising
receipts. This situation, fortunately, has been reversed, the
receipts for 1934 amounting to $19,075.15 as against about
$17,000 the year before. This amount, however, is still $2,000
below the receipts of 1932 and not much more than half those
of 1929 when business was booming.
The profit account of Horticulture suffers from the fact that
all copies of the magazine delivered to members of the Society
94 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
or to subscribers within the postal district must carry stamps
instead of being sent by the pound rate. This means that it
costs more to send a copy of Horticulture to Jamaica Plain or
Chestnut Hill than it does to Kalamazoo or Los Angeles. This
is one of the curious features of the postal law and one which
various publishers have got around by having their printing
done in plants in small towns. The post office has now decreed
that no publication shall be allowed to adopt such a plan in
Horticulture has continued to publish without charge the
advertisements of private gardeners wishing positions. For
several years past, the number of such advertisements has been
large and this free publicity has naturally increased the ex-
pense of the publication somewhat. Nevertheless, the members
of the committee feel that the Society has been doing an excel-
lent piece of work in this way.
In 1933, the experiment was made of issuing a supplement
to be known as Garden Club News. This experiment was made
after consultation with the officers of the garden club federa-
tion, who were enthusiastic over the plan. Later a similar
supplement was started for the benefit of the Garden Club
Federation of Pennsylvania. Unfortunately, neither supple-
ment received the support expected, either in the way of sub-
scriptions or of advertising. The experiment was set down as
a failure, therefore, and the Pennsylvania supplement was
dropped last year. Garden Club News was carried on locally
until this Spring. Then it was discontinued, but the supple-
ment was kept on as a local feature under the title Gardening
in New England. The outlook for this supplement, at the
moment, appears to be good. The advertising rates are lower
than for Horticulture and it serves as a medium through
which advertisers confining themselves to New England busi-
ness can put their products before New England readers. The
supplement serves a useful purpose, too, in providing a means
for publishing material which is of interest to the readers of
this section but not of sufficient importance to be published
in Horticulture, which has a world-wide circulation.
At the time of the Spring flower show this year, an eight-
page supplement containing the complete program of the show
was sent to all subscribers in New England. Horticulture, con-
taining the supplement and with a new cover, was sold at the
96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
show to the number of about 15,000 and took the place of a
program formerly distributed free. This experiment was a
decided success from both the standpoint of the show and the
During the year, four bulletins, "Herbs — How to Grow
Them and How to Use Them" by Mrs. Helen Noyes Webster,
"Begonias and How to Grow Them" by Mrs. Bessie W. Buxton,
"Rock Gardens" by Cleveland Morgan and "House Plants"
by Professor Clark L. Thayer, were reprinted. There has been
a surprising demand for the herb bulletin and some 3,000
copies have now been distributed. No new bulletins were issued
The acoustics of the Lecture Hall have been greatly im-
proved and lectures can now be held there with reasonable
success. The first lecture of the Winter was given by William
N. Craig, February 7, on "Lilies," Mrs. Preston Rice gave a
lecture on February 12, her subject being "The Hardy Garden
in Continuous Bloom," with a large attendance. Dr. Ivan H.
Crowell lectured on March 14, his subject being, "How We
Can Aid and Protect Our Shade Trees."
A new plan was adopted in the course of the Winter when
Dr. Edgar Anderson of the Arnold Arboretum was engaged to
conduct a class in popular botany. This class was attended by
an average of 100 persons and eight sessions were held. It
proved to be an exceedingly successful venture and those who
attended have asked for another course the coming year.
Howard Coonley, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on Exhibitions
It seems hardly possible to your chairman that another year
has rolled around since the time I made my 1934 report for
the Exhibition Committee.
Another great Spring flower show, the 1935 show, has come
and gone, and before reviewing it I should like to make a few
comments on the late Spring, Summer and Autumn shows of
Last year our early June exhibition, formerly known as our
iris show, drew an attendance of over 6,000 people. The show
in some ways was disappointing with respect to iris exhibits,
but it was notable for the azaleas and rhododendrons that were
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 97
Following this show came our mid- June exhibition, which
also drew approximately 6,000 persons. Peonies were displayed
in lavish profusion. Quality roses were lacking, but exhibits
of sweet peas, delphiniums and lilies were all worthy of special
comment: Strawberries were exhibited at this show, which
proved to be the best shown for some years.
The two Summer shows, featuring gladioli and dahlias, each
drew approximately 7,000 people to the doors of this hall, and
your committee feels that the special exhibits of annuals and
other Summer-flowering subjects helped to make these two
shows particularly interesting ; it is greatly to be hoped that in
the coming Summer shows of this year, members of this Society,
who are growers of annuals in their gardens, will bring these
flowers to our halls for the prizes that will be offered, because
these varied displays of the more recently introduced annuals
are exceedingly educational. It is unfortunate that many grow-
ers of both perennials and annuals hesitate to make entries in
advance of the opening of the shows and fail to bring their often
exceptionally well-grown material to the competitive classes in
our schedules. The mid-Summer exhibition was characterized
by some fine exhibits of vegetables, and the late Summer exhibi-
tion brought forth an exhibit of outdoor-grown melons that won
a gold medal award. The number, quality and size of the speci-
mens shown made this melon exhibit probably the most note-
worthy one ever seen by the judges of this Society.
The exhibition of the products of children's gardens com-
pared favorably with similar exhibits in years past, and the
fruit and vegetable exhibition, held in early October, drew an
attendance of almost 8,000 persons to this three-day show,
which proved to be a great success.
The final show of the 1934 year, scheduled as the Autumn
flower show, was both beautifully planned and executed, the
feature exhibit at the end of the large hall being staged by the
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. At the end of the year the
Albert C. Burrage gold vase was awarded to this modernistic
chrysanthemum exhibit as the most outstanding exhibit of the
year. Unfortunately, this exhibition came too close to Election
Day. Fifty cents admission was charged, but newspaper pub-
licity being almost impossible to get, because of the election
period, the attendance totaled only 13,000, which was less than
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 99
anticipated, and the show therefore resulted in a small financial
From then on, interest focussed on the great 1935 Spring
flower show, which opened its doors on March 25, and which
proved to be the most beautiful Spring flower show so far staged
in Boston. From every point of view it was a success. Finan-
cially, it measured up closely with the 1934 show, but it was
larger, as the lower floor or basement was used, and the exhibits
staged there proved to be very striking. The 1935 Spring flower
show was the first to be laid out by a landscape architect, and
without question the wisdom of following this policy in the
future has been proved. The exhibits in Grand Hall, staged
under the direction of the garden clubs, made this great audi-
torium a unit exhibit "June in New England."
To the garden clubs, the greatest credit is due for this splen-
did example of coordinated effort and architectural design.
Comparisons are odious, but the Boston Spring flower show
of 1935 received most flattering comparative comment from
many visitors to the New York show the week before. Our
Spring flower shows have become a vital part of our Society's
life. They have become really huge affairs, straining the facili-
ties of Mechanics Building to the, limit, and calling for a year-
around show organization, and a financial outlay of large
proportions before the doors are opened. They must continue
to be better each year, always educational, and invariably
For the safety of our flower shows of the future, our show
management organization must be capable, courageous and
resourceful and ever awake to the trend of the times. Plans
for the big Spring flower shows should look forward, not
merely one year, but two, and possibly three.
Your committee at this time wishes to express its apprecia-
tion of the work that Mr. Farrington, the secretary of this
Society, did in connection with the advertising of the Spring
flower show. At the same time it wishes to express its admira-
tion for our show manager, Mr. Arno H. Nehrling, and to
thank him for his untiring efforts in bringing the Spring show
and the other shows of the year to their successful conclusions.
To our president, Mr. Webster, we again turn, as a com-
mittee, to thank him for all the time and thought that he so
willingly put into our problems.
100 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
And now as chairman of the Exhibition Committee, I would
like to again offer my personal thanks to the individual mem-
bers for their efforts throughout the past year in connection
with all of the shows.
Harold S. Ross, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on Prizes
With the ever-increasing scope of horticultural shows, not
only in variety and excellence of exhibits, but also in educa-
tional value, the demands put upon judges become more and
more exacting and important.
Competent judges of knowledge and ability do much with
their criticism to raise the standards of exhibits, but human
nature being what it is, it seems difficult to give satisfaction to
every one. Situations are bound to develop which present
difficulties to prize committees, but this committee is trying
to improve conditions with constructive methods. For example,
they have this year made a card catalogue with the names of
people who might be available and whose talent for judging
are known to the committee. These names have been divided
into three groups, one for those who have had professional
experience in design and history of art, another for experts in
plant culture, such as professional gardeners and nurserymen,
and the third for those qualified to judge from the aesthetic
For some time there has been in the Rule Book a suggestion
that the report of the judges be made public. At the Spring
show we tried this in a limited way and placed on exhibits that
scored particularly well, having received permission of the
exhibitors, the scoring and comments of the judges. This was
favorably received and we hope to extend this practice by
having the names of the judges appear with their comments
A revision of our scale of points is also to be worked out as
judges found under our present headings no mention of color
or charm, both decidedly important factors in horticultural
arrangements. We hope also to revise our scales of points so
that they will be more nearly identical with those of other large
societies and thus facilitate the understanding of both ex-
hibitors and judges. There is need too for a better definition
!^^Kifti^:iiiiii? e lll
102 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
of a rock garden, also a clear understanding of what is a
foundation planting and we are constantly asked and must be
ready to answer "What is the Society's definition of a garden ?"
We have found, especially at our large Spring show, that
the judges are hurried and so must have more quiet time for
their work. We therefore advise that the doors should not be
opened to the public before 5 o'clock. This would give four hours
in which the judges might work.
We take pride in the representative gathering of judges who
performed their work so expertly and we are deeply grateful
for their interest and valuable assistance.
William Ellery, Chadrman.
Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the
Products of Children's Gardens
On entering the exhibition of the products of children's
gardens in Horticultural Hall, Boston, on August 30, I stood
at the door for a few moments to enjoy the beauty of its
Autumn or late Summer coloring in the well ordered display
of red tomatoes and zinnias with golden squash and marigolds,
and I thought of the confusion and clutter I used to see at
these exhibitions. The small hall where many of the cut flowers
were shown held a large and well labeled display of wild
The flowers seemed to be all well arranged so as to keep
fresh during the two days of the exhibition. The lecture hall
was filled by exhibits made by the members of the 4-H Club —
the four H's standing for head, hand, heart and health, and I
should say all including happiness. At one- end of this hall
was the front of a gray Cape Cod cottage with a grapevine
growing to its roof and a garden in front in which phlox,
petunias, marigolds and alyssum were growing. This cottage
was put up by Merrick Price and John Hall, whose work we
shall be interested to follow. Also in this hall on the long,
central table were books of pressed wild flowers well mounted
and labeled, also of pressed weeds, that the gardener might
become familiar with them. There were two cases of well-
mounted insects, that the small enemies which attack the crops
might be studied.
ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 103
Sometimes I have felt that our young Americans do not
possess the love of gardening which the Italian and Chinese
children have, but if the exhibition shown this August in
Horticultural Hall is any criterion of the future work of these
boys and girls we need not despair for our American gardens,
although we sigh at times for the great men who have left us.
Marian Roby Case, Chairman.
The Result of the Balloting
The polls were closed at 4 p.m., 62 votes having been cast,
and the following were declared elected :
President, Edwin S. Webster
Vice-President, Oakes Ames
Trustees, Winthrop Carter
Mrs. Homer Gage
Samuel J. Goddard
Harold S. Ross
Mrs. Bayard Thayer
1900 Dr. Henry S. Pritciiett, New York.
1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado.
1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England.
1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South
1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York.
1925 F. R. S. Balfour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland.
1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England.
1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France.
1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew, England.
1925 G. H. Cave, Ashton-under-Hill, England.
1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass.
1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural
Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England.
1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yatsen University, Canton, China.
1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia.
1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland.
1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens,
Sydney, New South Wales.
1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware.
1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware.
1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England.
1925 I. B. Pole Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director
Botanical Survey, Pretoria, South Africa.
1925 G. Fraser, Ucluelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Garden,
1900 Beverly T. Galloway, Department of Agriculture, Washington,
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota.
1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, South Carolina.
106 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York.
1925 Joseph Hers, Shanghai, China.
1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California.
1925 Hermann A. Hesse, Weener, Germany.
1925 M. Robert Hickel, Versailles, France.
1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London,
1925 E. Hillier, Winchester, England.
1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, South Carolina.
1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, New York.
1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology,
1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin.
1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Washington, D. C.
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York.
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia.
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, New York.
1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia.
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France.
1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England.
1925 Donald MacGregor, care Royal Gardens, Kew, England.
1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland.
1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart, F.R.S., D.C.L.,
Wigtownshire, North Britain.
1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, New York.
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California.
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania.
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo,
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland.
1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri.
1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada.
1887 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., 14 Crabton Close, Boscombe,
1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France.
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England.
1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada.
MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 107
1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark.
1894 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily.
1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Gardens, Kew, England.
1898 Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Ph.D., Curator of the Gray
Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
1921 L. Rod way, C.M.G., Government Botanist and Secretary, Botanic
Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania.
1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio.
1925 Camillo Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany.
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba.
1925 Sir William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens,
1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany.
1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin,
1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, Illinois.
1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England.
1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland,
1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England.
1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England.
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Pennsylvania.
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England.
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Abbee, Mrs. Greenough, Squantum
Abbott, Mrs. C. L., Laconia, N. H.
Abbott, Mrs. H. E., Wellesley Farms
Abbott, Mr. Robert J., Antrim, N. H.
Achuff, Mrs. Gertrude, Newtonville
Ackerman, Mrs. George, Nashua, N. H.
Adams, Mrs. Aroline W., Salem
Adams, Mrs. Cecil Quincy, Wellesley
Adams, Mrs. Ivers S., Hardwick
Adams, Miss Pamelia S., Brookline
Aldrich, Mrs. Helen Drake, Troy, N. Y.
Alford, Miss Martha, Brookline
Allen, Mr. Charles F., Medfield
Allen, Miss E. Marguerite, Dedham
Allen, Miss Gertrude E., Quincy
Allen, Mrs. John J., Amesbury
Allen, Mrs. Thomas, Brookline
Amalia, Mr. Karl F., Wenham
Anderson, Miss Dorothy M., Groton
Anderson, Miss Edith E., Dorchester
Anderson, Mrs. George L., Braintree
Anderson, Mr. James, Lynn
Anderson, Mrs. Reginald, Grafton
Andrews, Mr. Henry N., Melrose High-
Andrews, Mrs. Kate C, Brookline
Angevine, Mrs. Hallie C, Belmont
Anthony, Mrs. Arthur C, Marblehead
Arey, Mr. Charles F., Salem
Argersinger, Mrs. R. E., Waban
Armstrong, Miss Mabel T., Hull
Arrington, Mr. James, Wellesley Farms
Ashbee, Miss C. E., Woburn
Ashborn, Mr. A. B., Oakville, Conn.
Atherton, Mrs. Louis M., Swampscott
Atkinson, Mrs. Herbert J., South Sud-
Atkinson, Mrs. J. H., Melrose
Austin, Mrs. William D., Boston
Ayres, Mr. Philip W., Waban
Babbit, Mr. Lawrence A., Berkley
Babson, Miss Helen P., Arlington
Bacheller, Mr. Wesley, East Lynn
Bacon, Mr. Anselm L., Newton Centre
Baert, Mrs. Cora H., Stoneham
Bailey, Mr. Earl P., Hinsdale, N. H.
Bailey, Miss Helen G., Boston
Bailey, Mrs. Herbert C, South Dart-
Baker, Mrs. Walter D., Hyannis
Baldwin, Mr. Judson, Roxbury
Ball, Mrs. Edith I., Waltham
Ball, Mr. Lester W., Chelmsford
Ball, Miss Pomona Sylvia, Waltham
Ballantine, Mr. Edward, Cambridge
Ballantine, Mrs. Edward, Cambridge
Bancroft, Mr. G. Raymond, Winchester
Bancroft, Mrs. Helen L., Reading
Bannon, Mr. D. Edward, Hancock, N. H.
Bardwell, Miss Marion E., Belchertown
Barker, Mr. John Herbert, North Cam-
Barnes, Mrs. Charlotte A., Hillsborough
Centre, N. H.
Barney, Mrs. J. Dellinger, Boston
Barnum, Mrs. Francis G., Brookline
Baron, Mr. Milton, Springfield
Barrie, Mrs. James R., Reading
Barron, Mr. Carlos E., Westminster
Barrows, Miss Grace C, Peabody
Bartlett, Miss Alice M., Reading
Bartlett, Mr. John P., New York City
Batchelder, Mrs. Claire S., Tamworth,
Batchelder, Miss Elizabeth A., North
Batchelder, Mrs. Foster R., North
Batchelder, Miss Mary E., Cambridge
Bates, Mrs. Paul W., Marblehead
Batson, Mrs. A. D., West Newton
Bean, Mrs. Donald P., Chicago, 111.
Bease, Mrs. Mary B., Wareham
Beattie, Miss Eva L., Cambridge
Becker, Mr. Louis C, Attleboro
Beckman, Mrs. H. C, Plymouth
Beckwith, Mrs. A. M., South Sudbury
Beckwith, Mr. Albert, South Sudbury
Beckwith, Mrs. Grace S., Cambridge
Beede, Mr. Carl G., Wellesley Hills
Beever, Mrs. William H,, Plymouth
Behrend, Mrs. B. A., Wellesley Hills
Belknap, Mr. Howard P., Newton Centre
Bell, Mr. Charles J., Hollis, N. H.
Bell, Mr. Edward L., Cambridge
Benjamin, Mrs. J. B., Providence, Ky.
Bennert, Mrs. Alfred L., Lawrence
Benoit, Mrs. Arthur H., Maiden
Bense, Mrs. William A., Walpole
Benson, Mr. Henry J., West Roxbury
Benton, Mrs. Frank M., Andover
Berry, Mr. Gilbert A., Penacook, N. H.
Besse, Mrs. Deborah H., Wareham
Besse, Mr. Edward A., Wareham
Beveridge, Mrs. Priscilla D., Lexington
Billings, Mrs. Isabel Winship, Brighton
Binford, Mrs. Wesley W., Brighton
Bingham, Mr. William J., Wellesley
Binney, Mrs. Henry P., Milton
Binney, Miss Polly, Groton
Bishop, Mrs. John W., Paxton
Bissell, Mrs. Paul A., Wellesley
Black, Mr. S. Bruce, Waban
Blake, Mr. Clarence D., Arlington
Blake, Mrs. George, Saugus
Blake, Mrs. George F., Worcester
Blanchard, Mr. Benjamin C, Whitman
Blanchard, Mrs. F. A., Boston
Blanchard, Mrs. George W., Portland,
Bleiler, Mr. Everett F., Jamaica Plain
Bleiler, Mr. Julius A., Jamaica Plain
Blethen, Mr. Otis W., Swampscott
Bliss, Miss Carrie C, Brookline
Blood, Mrs. Roderic M., Newton Centre
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Boardman, Mrs. John, Concord
Bock, Mrs. A. V., Cambridge
Boger-Shattuck, Dr. Martha I., Ports-
mouth, N. H.
Boland, Mrs. Mary R., Cambridge
Bollong, Mrs. Elbridge, Scituate
Bolten, Mrs. John, Andover
Boomhower, Miss Miriam, Danielson,
Booth, Mr. Edward C. De Witt, New
Bornkessel, Mrs. Czarina P., Dedham
Bottomley, Miss Marion R., Chartley
Bouve, Miss Millicent, Hingham
Bowden, Mrs. Frederick P., Melrose
Bowler, Mrs. Ruth B., Worcester
Bowman, Mr. Hubert E., North Acton
Bowser, Mrs. Henry Reed, Wellesley
Boyce, Mrs. D. C, Cambridge
Boyd, Miss Margaret, Dedham
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth, Chicago, 111.
Bradford, Miss May S., East Pepperell
Brady, Mrs. Edith M., Braintree
Bragdon, Mrs. Horace E., Winthrop
Bragdon, Miss Mary D., Quincy
Brauer, Mrs. Nellie A., Roslindale
Breding, Mr. Alberton D., Roslindale
Brennan, Miss Margaret M., Somerville
Brett, Miss Alice E., Needham
Brett, Mr. Harrie I., Needham
Bridges, Miss Ada M., Boston
Brien, Mrs. James, Needham
Briggs, Mrs. Susan L., Lincoln
Broadbent, Mrs. Olive, Abington
Brook, Mrs. Thorn E., Wellesley Hills
Brookings, Mrs. Robert S., Washington,
Brooks, Mr. Henry H., Concord
Brooks, Miss Loura L., Gardner
Brotz, Mr. John, Chelmsford
Brown, Mrs. Curtland C, Beverly
Brown, Miss Ellen E., Winchester
Brown, Mrs. F. E., Braintree
Brown, Mrs. George F., Salem
Brown, Mr. George R., Boston
Brown, Mr. George V., Hopkinton
Brown, Mrs. George V., Hopkinton
Brown, Mrs. Lawrence E., Middletown,
Brown, Mr. Marshall L., Boston
Brown, Miss Martha May, Dedham
Brown, Mr. Walter Jackson, Winchester
Brown, Mr. William G., Gloucester
Brownell, Mrs. Ancy D., Portsmouth,
*Buff, Miss Alice E. E., Jamaica Plain
Bundy, Mrs. Harvey H., Boston
Burda, Mr. August, Jamaica Plain
Burgess, Mrs. Louise R., Grafton
Burke, Mrs. Martin J., Brookline
Burke, Mrs. W. M., West Roxbury
Burnett, Dr. Francis L., Boston
Burnham, Miss Alice E., Waltham
Burnham, Mrs. George A., Cliftondale
Burnham, Mr. John A., Marblehead
Burnham, Mrs. Walter L., West Medford
Burr, Mrs. Kenneth T., Portland, Maine
Burtt, Miss Caroline J., Maiden
Buschmann, Mrs. Marie, Boston
Buswell, Miss Beulah M., Marblehead
Butcher, Mrs. Charles H., Cambridge
Butler, Mr. Aubrey B., Northampton
Butterworth, Mrs. George T., Braintree
Byrne, Mr. James G., Brighton
Byrnes, Miss Edith, Waban
Byrnes, Mrs. Hazel B., Wakefield
Cabot, Mrs. Charles C, Needham
Cabot, Mrs. Harry D., Newtonville
Cabot, Mrs. Henry B., Chestnut Hill
Caldwell, Mrs. Alexander G., Waban
Campbell, Mrs. Alice C, Brockton
Campbell, Mrs. G. E., Wakefield
Campbell, Mr. John M., West Concord
Campbell, Miss Laura M., East Milton
Caproni, Mr. Alfred George, Jr., East
Carey, Mrs. Margaret F., Worcester
Carlson, Mrs. H. J., Brighton
Carlton, Mr. U. M., North Cambridge
Carr, Mr. John, Melrose
Carr, Mr. Walter E., North Plymouth
Carr, Mr. Wilfred, Maiden
Carruthers, Mr. Ralph G., West Roxbury
Carson, Mr. Howard F., Oxford
Carter, Mrs. A. F., Hampton, Conn.
Carter, Mrs. Albert J., Hyde Park
• Carter, Mrs. Eva M., Boston
Carter, Mr. Roy G., Marlborough
Casey, Miss Rita, Woonsocket, R. I.
Caughey, Mr. Joseph H., Waltham
Chadwell, Mrs. H. M., Lexington
Chadwick, Mrs. Frank N., Ward Hill
Chapman, Mrs. E. D., Marblehead
Chase, Mrs. Amy C, North Sandwich,
Chase, Mrs. Percy, Wellesley Hills
Chase, Mr. William F., Boston
Cheney, Mrs. Bessie B., Fitchburg
Cheney, Mrs. Frank E., Winthrop High-
Cherry, Mrs. E. M., Eastport, Maine
Chilman, Mr. Arthur E., Hulls Cove,
Chilson, Mrs. Lewis S., Attleboro
Chisholm, Mr. William, Marblehead
Choate, Mrs. Robert, Danvers
Christie, Mr. Chester J., Westborough
Chute, Mr. Oliver, Whitinsville
Ciccone, Mr. Frank, Newton
Clapp, Miss Elizabeth, Groton
Clark, Mrs. Albert H., Needham
Clark, Miss Alice G., Lawrence
Clark, Miss Elizabeth L., Jamestown,
Clark, Miss Gertrude M., Cambridge
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Clark, Mr. Nathan, Beach Bluff
Clark, Mrs. Oliver D., Swampscott
Clarke, Mrs. Carita, Cornwall Bridge,
Cle worth, Mrs. Harold B., Melrose
Clough, Mr. Roy F., Marblehead
Cobb, Mr. Frank L., Hingham
Cody, Miss Katharine F., Whitman
Coes, Mrs. John H., Worcester
Cogswell, Miss Sarah E., Framingham
Cohen, Mr. Max, Lynn
Colby, Mrs. Herbert W., Newton High-
Colby, Miss Maude E., Dorchester
Colcord, Mrs. E. L., Belfast, Maine
Cole, Mr. A. E., Salem
Cole, Miss Anna P., Chestnut Hill
Cole, Mrs. Edward D., Wellesley
Cole, Mrs. Russell, Nashua, N. H.
Coleman, Miss Emma L., Boston
Coleman, Miss Grace A., Portland, Maine
Colton, Miss Dorothea, Jamaica Plain
Conary, Mrs. Hoyt, Concord
Congdon, Mr. Arthur B., Peace Dale,
Conlon, Mr. J. F., Bradford
Conner, Mr. George E., Greenwood
Connor, Mr. John H., Boston
Conrad, Mr. J. Alfred, Marlboro
Cook, Mrs. C .P., Arlington
Cook, Mrs. Charles D., Providence, R. I.
Cook, Miss Mildred E., Milton
Cooper, Mr. S. T., Medford
Copeland, Mrs. M. T., Cambridge
Corey, Mrs. Preston E., Winchester
Cornell, Mr. Charles M., Arlington
Corson, Mrs. Grace B., Rochester, N. H.
Corvino, Mr. Angelo, Cambridge
Courchene, Mrs. Frances B., Hyde Park
Covel, Mr. N. Edwin, Newtonville
Covel, Mrs. Thomas D., Fall River
Covington, Miss Alice B., Wollaston
Cox, Mr. Allyn, New York, N. Y.
Cox, Mrs. Channing, Boston
Cox, Mrs. Edward E., Newton Highlands
Cox, Mrs. Elizabeth R., Wakefield
*Coyne, Miss Florence, Jamaica Plain
Crane, Mr. H. L., Westwood
Crane, Mrs. Myrtle F., East Milton
Craven, Mr. A. B., Boston
Creed, Mrs. Annie B., Dover, N. H.
Crocker, Mrs. Eleanor B., Milton
Cromack, Miss Alice P., Melrose High-
Crosby, Mrs. Arthur P., Swampscott
Croughwell, Mrs. Loretto A., West Pea-
Crouse, Mrs. Ellie S., Copper Cliff, Ont.
Crowley, Miss Ellen F., Boston
Crowley, Mrs. Herbert L., Belmont
Crysler, Mrs. H. Stanley, Lowell
Cudworth, Mrs. Grace F., Marshfield
Cully, Miss Edith F., Fitchburg
Cummings, Mr. Joseph, Reading
Cummings, Mrs. Margaret B., Onset
Cuneo, Mrs. Everett, Wellesley Hills
Cunningham, Mr. Alan, Brookline
Cunningham, Mrs. N. A., Bolton
Curley, Miss Marion Mae, Medford
Ourrie, Mr. T. G., Arlington Heights
Currier, Mrs. Edward B., Winthrop
Currier, Mrs. W. Eugene, Leominster
Curry, Mrs. E. Norman, Litchfield, Conn.
Curtis, Mrs. Charles H., Jamaica Plain
Curtis, Mrs. Charles P., Jr., Norfolk
Curtis, Mrs. Charles W., Jr., Marlboro
Gushing, Mrs. Gwendolyn L., Shirley
Cushman, Mrs. Frank, Needham
Cushman, Mr. Harlas L., Middleboro
Cushman, Mr. Norman L., Winchester
Cushman, Mrs. Robert H., Monson
Cutler, Mr. Donald F., Dover
Cutt, Mrs. Richard, Swampscott
D aland, Miss Geneva A., Wakefield
Daley, Miss Anna J., Arlington
Damon, Mrs. Harry F., Maiden
Damon, Mrs. Lindsay, Alton, N. H.
Dane, Mrs. William B., Marblehead
Daniel, Mr. Theodore M., Woburn
Daniels, Miss Jennie W., East Walpole
Darling, Mrs. Charles K., Concord
Davenport, Mr. Russell S., Marlboro
Davey, Mr. Walter F, Somerville
Davis, Mr. Arnold M., Amherst
Davis, Miss Eleanor S., Boston
Davis, Mr. Roy E., Brockton
Davis, Mrs. Tenney L., Norwell v
Davis, Mrs. W. J., Medfield
Day, Mr. E. W., Lakeville, Conn.
Day, Mr. Fred, Stoughton
Deacy, Mrs. J. J., Methuen
Dearborn, Mrs. E. E., Boston
Delaney, Mrs. M. L., Roslindale
Dennett, Mrs. Carl Pullen, Boston
Densmore, Mrs. J. M., Newton Centre
DePetris, Mr. V. R., Grosse Pointe,
Derby, Mr. H. Hasket, Nairn, La.
Detheridge, Mrs. F. W., Stoneham
De Vinney, Mr. Robert Hugh, Framing-
Dexter, Mrs. Franklin, Boston
Diaz, Mr. Ralph Morton, Belmont
Dinsmoor, Mrs. George W., Lawrence
Doak, Mr. A. H., Middleboro, Ky.
Dolansky, Mr. Joseph F., Lynn
Donnell, Mr. John, Walpole
Douglas, Mrs. Edward A., Newton
Douglas, Miss Elizabeth M., Quincy
Douglass, Mr. Kenneth R., Boston
Dow, Miss Annie M., Exeter, N. H.
Dow, Mr. Dana F., Reading
Dowling, Mr. William, T., Jamaica Plain
Downer, Mr. Robert J., Dover
Downey, Mr. Joseph L., Dorchester
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Downing, Mrs. Irving G., Haverhill
Drake, Mrs. Laura B., Newton
Draper, Mrs. James B., Canton
Draper, Mrs. Robert, Canton
Drew, Mr. George A., Westford
Drew, Miss H. Louise, Wellesley
Drysdale, Miss Molly, Groton
Duley, Mrs. Blanche S., East Northfield
Dunbar, Mrs. Mabel Spaulding, Mans-
Dunn, Mr. Richard J., Newton Centre
Dunnell, Mrs. Raymond L., Bernardston
Dunning, Mr. Henry, Allston
Durham, Mrs. Horace 0., Wellesley
Durland, Mrs. Clarence B., North Wil-
Durward, Mrs. Jacqueline G., Dover,
Dustin, Mrs. M. H., Rochester, N. H.
Dutton, Mrs. O. Deane, Dedham.
Eager, Miss Mary F., Roxbury
Eastman, Miss Ella F., Exeter, N. H.
Eaton, Mrs. Charles C, Dover, N. H.
Eberg, Miss Ebba E., Vineyard Haven
Eberhartt, Mr. Christian, Lawrence
Eddy, Mr. Julian, Simsbury, Conn.
Eddy, Miss Pauline, Glens Falls, N. Y.
Eddy, Col. Robert C, Belmont
Edgerton, Mrs. H. 0., Belmont
Edmands, Mr. Edward T., Auburndale
Edmunds, Mr. John M., Boston
Ekberg, Mrs. Bettie 0., Dedham
Elliot, Mrs. H. A., Barnet, Vt.
Elliott, Mr. Irving S., Dorchester
Ellis, Mr. Alexander, Belmont
Ellis, Mrs. W. E., Haverhill
Ellison, Mrs. Florence H., Framingham
Ely, Mr. A. C, Watertown
Emerson, Mrs. K. B., Sharon
Emerson, Mr. Robert G., Newton
Emery, Mr. Allan C, Weymouth Heights
Emery, Mrs. E. A., Winchester
Emery, Mrs. Fred P., Hanover, N. H.
English, Mrs. Walter C, Beach Bluff
Erfing, Mr. Clifford L., Milton
Erhard, Mrs. Henry A., Boston
Erickson, Mrs. A. W., Jr., Swampscott
Estabrook, Mrs. Clarence W., Wolfeboro,
Ewing, Mrs. Mary Cross, Wellesley
Ewing, Mr. Robert B., Brockton
Fabyan, Mrs. Harry C, Boston
Fairchild, Mrs. Gladys S. N., Reading
Farrington, Mr. George B., Salem
Faunce, Mr. Clarence S., Fowlerville,
Fawcett, Miss Edith M., Cambridge
Fay, Mrs. Joseph S., Sherborn
Fellows, Mrs. W. H., Boston
Felt, Mrs. George R., Peabody
Ferreira, Mr. George A., West Roxbury
Field, Mrs. R. D., Cambridge
Findlater, Mrs. James, Mansfield
Findlay, Mrs. David, Kansas City, Mo.
Finley, Mrs. John H., Jr., Cambridge
Finnegan, Mrs. Thomas H., Stoneham
Finucane, Miss Mary, Lakeview, Mich.
Fischer, Miss Alice, Arlington
Fish, Mr. Erland F., Brookline
Fisher, Mrs. Lewis A., Wellesley
Fisher, Miss Marian 0., West Roxbury
Fison, Mr. Herbert W., Maiden
Fitch, Miss Lucy, Mattapan
Fitch, Mr. Stanley G. H., Cambridge
Fitz, Mrs. Charles N., Chatham
Flagg, Miss Georgia M., Melrose High-
Flemings, Mrs. Ethel W., Sharon
Flet, Miss Alice B., Salem
Fletcher, Mr. Arthur, Wellesley Hills
*Fletcher, Mr. Arthur W., Cambridge
Fletcher, Mrs. Ralph A., Westford
Flint, Mrs. Lester E., Weston
Flynn, Mr. George, Mattapan
Foley, Mr. Fred F., Princeton
Forbes, Miss Helen C, Westboro
Forbes, Mrs. Howard M., Cambridge
*Forbes, Mr. Stewart A., Lenox
Forbes, Mrs. W. Stuart, Jr., Beverly
Forbes, Mrs. William Stuart, Hamilton
Ford, Mrs. Ambrose C, Clifton Forge,
Foster, Mr. E. H., Danvers
Foster, Mr. Edward S., West Roxbury
Foster, Miss Julia, Beverly
Foster, Miss Katharine M., Saugus
Foster, Miss Marjorie L., Hingham
Fottler, Miss B. W., Dedham
Fountain, Mr. H. E., Needham
Fox, Mrs. Daniel G., Mattapan
Fox, Miss Margaret A., Freeport, L. I.,
Fox, Mrs. Matthew J., Brookline
Fox, Mr. Walter S., Wellesley Hills
Frail, Mrs. Charles P., West Newton
Francis, Mrs. Douglass B., Newton
Frary, Mrs. Minnie C, Newton High-
Fratus, Mr. Catano, Boston
Freeman, Mrs. J. Collie, Westwood
Freeman, Mr. Maurice T., Winchester
Freeman, Mrs. Olive A., Kingston
French, Miss Clara M., Cambridge
French, Mrs. Donald L., Campello
Frost, Mrs. Ferdinand A., Haverhill
Frylink, Mr. Adrian, Babylon, L. I.,
Fuller, Mr. George W., Dedham
Fuller, Mr. J. Edward, Worcester
Funnell, Mrs. Wilfred G., Wollaston
Gaffney, Mr. Gerald John, Winchester
Gallagher, Miss Frances A., Jamaica
Gallagher, Mrs. Percival, Brookline
Gallagher, Mrs. R. A., Franklin
Gallagher, Mrs. W. W., Needham
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Gambles, Mr. Ernest E., Boston
Gardnei', Mr. Harry E., Newton High-
Gardner, Mrs. Jane Clarke, Buzzards
Garfield, Miss Eleanor, Boston
Garrity, Miss Katherine G., Jamaica
Geddes, Miss Helen, Brookline
Gems, Miss Charlotte, Boston
George, Mrs. Prank W., "Worcester
Gerhard, Mr. Martin, Lincoln
Ghirardini, Mrs. Virgil, Winchester
Gifford, Mr. W. B., Brookline
Gilchrist, Mr. W. Erwin, Boston
Gilkey, Miss Malina A., Magnolia
Gillis, Mr. Libius V., Portland, Maine
Gilmore, Mrs. E. J., Lowell
Ginsburg, Miss Sofia, Cambridge
Glover, Mrs. Nelson, West Newton
Gluckler, Mrs. Edward, Winthrop
Goehl, Mr. Henry C, Jamaica Plain
Goff, Mrs. Merrick L., Barrington, R. I.
Gold, Miss Rae, Boston
Goldsmith, Miss Emily L., Auburndale
Goodale, Mrs. Margaret M., Wakefield
Goodwin, Mr. Cecil N., Dorchester
Gordon, Mr. George K., Waltham
Gornett, Mrs. Hames R., East Rochester,
Gorney, Mr. Elijah S., Boston
Goss, Mrs. H. H., Providence, R. I.
Goss, Mr. William E., Somerville
Gould, Mrs. Allan B., Chelmsford
Grady, Mr. Raymond G., Jamaica Plain
Graham, Mrs. John H., West Roxbury
Gramstorff, Mr. Herman P., Maiden
Grandin, Miss Isabella, Boston
Graves, Mrs. Roger C, Newton Centre
Gray, Mr. Donald C, Boston
Gray, Mr. Joseph C, Winchester
Gray, Miss Minnie C, Lowell
Green, Miss Dorothy, Arlington
Greene, Mrs. Raymond W., Winter Park,
Greene, Mr. William Chase, Cambridge
Greenleaf, Mrs. Harry W., West Acton
Greenlaw, Mrs. Alonzo A., Milton
Gregg, Mrs. Walter H., Watertown
Griffin, Mrs. Daniel W., Braintree
Griggs, Mrs. Anna S., Waltham
Griggs, Mrs. Clifford S., Waltham
Griggs, Mrs. Thomas I., Waltham
Grimes, Dr. Loring, Swampscott
Gring, Mrs. Paul, Cambridge
Grise, Mr. Lucien A., Boston
Groff, Mrs. U. G., South Amherst
Grohe, Mr. H. B., Swampscott
Grove, Miss Gertrude, Groton
Guiles, Mrs. Philip, Newton Centre
Guptill, Mrs. Este'lle, Rochester, N. H.
Guptill, Miss Grace B., Seabrook, N. H.
Gurney, Mr. Thomas L.D., North Quincy
Haberstroh, Mrs. Emil P., Newton
Hackett, Mr. Charles E., Taunton
Hadley, Mrs. Edward L., Cambridge
Haertel, Mrs. May, Boston
Hagar, Mrs. John D., Jr., Arlington
Hager, Dr. F. D., Brookline
Hale, Mrs. Albert, Dedham
Hale, Mr. Ralph T., Winchester
Hale, Mrs. Margaret G., Winchester
Hale, Mrs. Richard K., BrOokline
Hale, Mrs. Richard W., Needham
Hall, Mr. Charles, Watertown
Hall, Mrs. Francis Cooley, Chestnut Hill
Hall, Mr. George E., Melrose
Hall, Mrs. Herbert J., Marblehead
Hall, Mrs. Isaac, West Medford
Hall, Mr. John O., Quincy
Hall, Mr. Theodore I., Boston
Hallin, Miss Florence E., Maiden
Hamblet, Mrs. George W., Lawrence
Hamill, Miss Helen B., Worcester
* Hamilton, Mr. John Waldo, Worcester
* Hamilton, Mr. Ormond, Worcester
Hammond, Mrs. H. E., Boston
Handy, Miss Louise, Marion
Hanna, Mr. William, Attleboro
Hanson, Mrs. Arthur L., Dover, N. H.
Hanson, Mrs. H. H., Waverley
Hanson, Miss Myrtle C, Assonet
Hapgood, Mrs. Lyman S., Cambridge
Harding, Mrs. Edward, Brookline
Hardwick, Mrs. Huntington R.,
Hargraves, Mrs. Harry N., Jamaica
Harlow, Miss Grace, Brockton
Harlow, Mrs. Wallace F., Bridgewater
Harrington, Miss Marguerita C, Boston
Harris, Mrs. Herbert, Providence, R. I.
Harris, Mrs. James G., West Medforl
Harris, Mrs. Martena S., Dedham
Harrison, Miss Edith, Atlanta, Ga.
Hart, Mrs. C. M., Brookline
Hartley, Mrs. Emma, Cliftondale
Harvey, Mrs. Charles N., South Berwick,
Harvey, Mrs. Ervin A., Melrose
Harvey, Dr. J. Ericsson, Milton
Harvey, Mrs. W. H., Waltham
Harwood, Mrs. Channing E., Middle-
Harwood, Mrs. Robert W., Cambridge
Haskell, Mrs. A. W., Brunswick, Me.
Hatch, Miss G. E., Stamford, Conn.
Hathaway, Mr. John W., North
Hay, Miss Ruth L., West Newton
Hayes, Mr. David, Melrose
Hayes, Mrs. Jennie, Gonic, N. H.
Hayes, Mrs. Kenneth L., West Newton
Hayward, Mr. Edward C, Randolph
Hayward, Mrs. Harry, Woodfords, Me.
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Hazen, Miss Annie D., White River
Head, Mr. Julian, Newton Centre
Healey, Mrs. George E., Wollaston
Heath, Mr. M. W., Newton
Heath, Mrs. Reginald C, Brookline
Heaton, Mr. I. W., Orlando, Fla.
Hebert, Mr. Arnold J., Everett
Hedge, Miss Audrey, Fairhaven
Hedge, Mrs. Lothrop, Fairhaven
Heintz, Mrs. George, Winchester
Henderson, Mrs. Edgar H., Williams-
Henderson, Mr. Franklin 0., Brookline
Henderson, Mrs. Harry P., Dover, N. H.
Henzler, Mrs. M. L., West Roxbury
Hepp, Mrs. Arnold, Atlanta, Ga.
Hersey, Mr. Ira G., Hingham
Herter, Mr. Christian A., Boston
Hewitt, Mr. Henry Ide, Winthrop
Heywood, Mr. Jerome A., Gardner
Higgins, Miss Evalyn D., Dover
Higgins, Mrs. Warren J., West Roxbury
Hilborne, Mr. E. W., Gardner
Hill, Mrs. Alfred T., Ashburnham
Hill, Mrs. G. J., Boston
Hintlian, Mrs. Margaret T., Winchester
Hoar, Mrs. Carl S., Williamstown
Hodge, Miss Carrie L., Holbrook
Hodges, Mrs. Abigail, Nahant
Hodges, Mrs. Charles Roland, Raynham
Hoff, Mr. Frank S., Needham
Hoffman, Mrs. Bernard, Stockbridge
Holbrook, Miss Calista C, Brookline
Holcomb, Mr. Henry L., South Dart-
Holden, Mr. A. A., Stoneham
Holder, Mrs. W. S., Swampscott
Holland, Mr. Bert E., Boston
Holland, Miss Lillian M., Haverhill
Hollister, Mr. S. P., Storrs, Conn.
Holt, Mrs. Francis S., New Bedford
Holt, Miss Mary A., Somerville
Holway, Miss Edith M., Roxbury
Holzer, Mr. Albert, Hyde Park
Holzer, Mr. Henry U., Roslindale
Hood, Miss Louisa B., Boston
Hood, Mrs. Frederic C, Boston
Hooper, Mr. Harry E., Beverly
Hopkins, Mr. Edward L., South Boston
Hopkins, Miss Lucy M., Winthrop
Hord, Miss Nellie M., Boston
Hornberger, Mr. F. C, Hamburg, N. Y.
Horovitz, Mrs. Sara R., Wakefield
Horton, Mrs. Charles A., Providence,
Hosley, Miss Lillian M., Kingston, N. H.
Houghton, Mr. Kenneth W., Dedham
Houser, Mrs. Horace M., Marblehead
Hovey, Mr. Philip R., Lowell
Howard, Mr. Allen E., Amherst, N. H.
Howard, Mrs. Ida M., Framingham
Howard, Miss L. Gladys, Framingham
Howe, Mrs. Beatrice S., Arlington
Howe, Mr. Dudley R., Brookline
Howe, Mrs. R. H., Belmont
Howell, Mr. Clarence, West Newton
Howie, Mrs. David H., Rowley
Howland, Mr. Weston, Milton
Hoyt, Mrs. L. L., Lexington
Hubbard, Mrs. Richard, Hamilton
Hudson, Miss Edith N., East Lynn
Huffington, Mrs. Paul, Bridgewater
Huggins, Mrs. Hester B., Cambridge
Hughes, Mr. Melville L., Jamaica Plain
Huguley, Mrs. May E., Swampscott
Hunt, Mrs. F. T., South Weymouth
Hunt, Miss Marion L., Boston
Hunter, Miss Margery, Wellesley
Huntress, Mrs. H. C, Allerton
Husted, Mrs. Clifford M., Worcester
Hutchins, Mrs. Kenneth, West Medford
Hutchinson, Mrs. Maynard, West Newton
Hydren, Mr. Arthur C., Belmont
Ingham, Mr. William P., Belmont
Ingram, Mrs. Walter, Waban
Jack, Mrs. Edwin E., Brookline
Jackson, Mrs. Howard B., Melrose
Jackson, Mr. Wm. M., Framingham
Jacobs, Miss May, Boston
Jacoby, Mrs. Douglas, Newport, R. I.
Jamieson, Mrs. Anna D., Newton Centre
Jaques, Mr. William C, Melrose
Jarvis, Mrs. Harold L., Melrose
Jenckes, Mrs. Lawrence B., Cambridge
Jenkins, Miss Jessie L., Salem
Jenks, Miss M. Pearl, Belmont
' Jenness, Mr. Cyrus F., Waban
Jennison, Mr. Marshall W., Belmont
Jewell, Mr. Everett L., Merrimac
Jewell, Mrs. Theodore E., Newton
Jewett, Miss Edith P., Milton
Jewett, Mr. Kenneth E., East Boothbay,
Johnson, Mrs. Britta Linden, West
Johnson, Mr. Carl J., Brockton
Johnson, Mrs. Charlton, Haverhill
Johnson, Mrs. Elmer E. B., Auburndale
Johnson, Mrs. J. Leonard, Newton
Johnson, The Rev. S. Lawrence, Salem
Johnson, Mr. Victor E., Roslindale
Johnston, Mrs. Ivan M., Cambridge
Jones, Mr. Alfred H., Boston
Jones, Mr. Edwin E., Waban
Jones, Mrs. Eliot N., Boston
Jones, Miss Frances B., Bolton
Jones, Miss May, Stoneham
Jones, Mrs. Westley, Newton
Josifko, Mr. Frank, Madison, Conn.
Joslin, Mrs. Ralph E., Winchester
Joyce, Mrs. John C, Narragansett Pier,
Judkins, Miss Maude E., Franklin, N. H.
Julin, Miss Bernice, Boston
Kattwinkel, Mrs. Egon E., Auburndale
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Kazanjian, Dr. V. H., Belmont
Keane, Mr. John J., Forest Hills
Kearons, Mrs. William M., Fall River
*Keene, Mr. Alden Vinal, Watertown
Keene, Mrs. William G., Lynn
Keinston, Mr. Charles E., Ipswich
Kellogg, Mrs. David M., Weston
Kelly, Mrs. Harvey A., Winthrop
Kelly, Mr. Hugh Patrick, Wellesley Hills
Kemp, Mr. Charles W., Walpole
Kendall, Miss Dorothy, Cambridge
Kendall, Mrs. F. L., Rochester, N. H.
Kent, Miss Madeleine, Egypt
Kerr, Mr. James A., Everett
Kershaw, Mrs. Francis S., Cambridge
Keyes, Mr. 0. H., Middleboro
Keyes, Mrs. Ray T., Deerfield
Kidder, Mrs. Edna F., New London,
Kiley, Mr. Daniel U., West Roxbury
Killam, Mr. Roger W., Cambridge
Kimball, Miss Edwina A., Quincy
Kimball, Mrs. Henry H., Melrose
Kimball, Mrs. Robert, Swampscott
Kinard, Mrs. Kerwin, South Hamilton
King, Mr. Henry P., Portland, Me.
Kingan, Mr. A. E. J., Plymouth
Kingman, Mrs. Mae B., Belmont
Kingsbury, Mrs. E. H., West Newton
Kinnie, Mrs. L. A., Melrose Highlands
Knapp, Mrs. Herbert R., Boston
Kneeland, Mr. William R., Winchester
Knight, Miss M. Louise, Roxbury
Knowlton, Mrs. M. Louise, Auburndale
Knox, Mrs. H. H. Stonington, Conn.
Kofsky, Mr. Louis, Belmont
Koopman, Mrs. C. M., West Roxbury
Krieger, Mrs. William L., Wollaston
Kroeck, Mr. Julius, Reading
Kummer, Miss Lucy, Medford
Kurth, Mr. Frederick W., Milton
Kurth, Mrs. Henry R., Cambridge
Kutz, Miss Mary F., Wellesley
Lahti, Mr. Matthew, Boston
Lair, Mr. Carl C, Swampscott
Lakeman, Mr. Emory C, Danvers
Lakin, Miss Gertrude H., Roxbury
Lamb, Miss E. Josephine, Belmont
Lambert, Miss Angie F., Lyme, N. H.
Lamont, Miss J. Grace, Brookline
Lamont, Mr. John, Lexington
Lamphrey, Mr. Charles, Sudbury
Lamson, Mrs. Lillian A., Arlington
Landberg, Mrs. E. Harry, Dorchester
Lane, Mrs. H. R., Boston
Langmaid, Mrs. John F., Swampscott
Lapham, Mrs. F. A., Braintree
La Porte, Mr. Philip J., Lowell
Larose, Mrs. A. J., Haverhill
Lawrence, Mrs. F. L., Belmont
Lawrence, Mr. John S., Boston
Lawton, Mr. Lester L., Fitchburg
Leary, Mrs. Mary E., Bridgewater
Leavis, Miss May H., Boston
Lee, Mrs. Gertrude W., Concord
Lee, Mrs. Halfdan, Brookline
Lee, Dr. Roger Irving, Brookline
Leffler, Miss Anna Rose, Waban
Leighton, Mr. Benjamin H., Newtonville
Leighton, Mrs. Helen L., Newtonville
Leland, Mrs. Richard C, East Green-
wich, R. I.
Lester, Mr. Edwin, Stoneham
Lewis, Mrs. W. E., West Rupert, Vt.
Libbey, Mr. Joseph E., Melrose
Lilly, Miss Anne M., Cambridge
Lincoln, Mrs. T. W., Quincy
Lindan, Mrs. Ruth E., Boston
Linscott, Mrs. R. N., Stoneham
Little, Mrs. Agnes M., Marion
Little, Mr. Henry W., Newburyport
Little, Mrs. Malcolm G., Braintree
Little, Mrs. T. W., Boston
Livermore, Mrs. Robert, Topsfield
Lockerby, Miss Anna C, Nashua, N. H.
Lofberg, Mrs. Grace Ward, Orange
Loft, Mrs. Allen, Plymouth
Longley, Mrs. Hattie A., Marlboro
Lord, Mr. Arthur B., Melrose
Lord, Miss Christine R., Belmont
Loring, Mr. Wilfred, Hingham
Loud, Mrs. John A., Belmont
Loud, Mr. Ned C, Wakefield
Lounsbury, Mrs. Frances E., Medford
Lovequist, Miss Ruth, West Somerville
Lovering, Mrs. Ernest, Brookline
Lovett, Miss Caroline A., West Newton
Lowd, Mrs. H. M., Swampscott
Lowe, Mr. Arthur W., Stoughton
Lowell, Mr. James H., Chestnut Hill
Lowman, Mrs. Emily S., Willimantic,
Ludwig, Mrs. May F., Brookline
Luther, Mrs. C. Fisher, Milton
Lutz, Mrs. Brenton R., Melrose
Lyall, Mr. G. Harold, Melrose
Lyman, Mrs. Arthur, Waltham
Lyman, Mrs. T. P., Great Barrington
Lynam, Miss Mabel L., Portland, Me.
Lynde, Mrs. Leslie E., Wollaston
Lyons, Mr. John A., Lexington
Lyons, Mr. Raymond E., Randolph
Lytle, Miss Edwina M., Needham
MacDermid, Mr. Neil, Brookline
Macdonald, Mrs. L. S., Brockton
MacGlashan, Mrs. Elizabeth Q., Dedham
Mackinnon, Mr. Albert P., Wakefield
MacKnight, Mr. Dodge, East Sandwich
MacLellan, Mr. John H., Lynnfield
Macmillan, Mrs. Gordon, North River,
P. E. I., Canada
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F., Sr., Chicago,
Magee, Miss Louise J., Boston
Malnate, Mr. Charles J., Wellesley Hills
Maloney, Miss Mary G., Dorchester
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Manhire, Mr. Walter P., Quincy
Mann, Mr. Frank Chester, Boston
Manning Mr. Edward C, Wilmington
Marlow, Dr. P. William, Jr., Brookline
Marnell, Mr. Wm. T., Medford
Marshall, Mr. Laurence K., Cambridge
Marshall, Miss Myrtle R., Brighton
Martin, Mr. John Willard, Hurtsboro,
Martin, Mr. William H., Somerville
Mason, Mrs. Edward 0., Winchester
Mason, Miss J. H., Medford
Mason, Mr. R. W., Groton
Mason Mr. Vernon, Melrose
Massa, Mrs. Amelia, East Boston
Massey, Miss Helen Judd, Winchester
May, Mr. Edward D., Dorchester
Maynard, Mr. Clarence D., Belmont
McArthur, Mrs. Wm. C, Needham
McAvoy, Mr. Warren E., Williamsburg
McCabe, Mr. Earl, Wrentham
McCaul, Miss Margaret J., Waltham
McCollester, Mr. Lee S., Tufts College
McCreary, Mrs. Louis S., Belmont
McCue, Mr. Edward F., Milton
McDermott, Mrs. Charles W., Boston
*McDonouth, Mr. James A., West Rox-
McFall, Mrs. Kay, Boston
McGill, Miss Harriette, West Medford
McGlenen, Rev. Edward W., West-
McGowan, Mrs. John, Norfolk Downs
McGuire, Mr. Michael J., Newton
Mclntire, Miss Alice V., Cambridge
Mclntire, Mr. Nelson L., East Somerville
McKaig, Mrs. Robert G., Whitinsville
McKeen, Mrs. R. K., Watertown
McKelvey, Mrs. Jennie, Battle Creek,
McKenzie, Mr. George C, Waban
McKenzie, Mr. Walter S., Quincy
McLaughlin, Mr. James F., Worcester
McLellan, Miss Marcia, Wellesley Hills
McLeod, Miss Frances, Groton
McLeod, Mr. Keith, Boston
McLucas, Mrs. Charles A., Newton
McMahan, Mr. Frank, Woburn
McMillan, Mrs. Herbert J., Brookline
McNamara, Miss Ellen A., Stoughton
McNaught, Mr. Wallace M., Dorchester
Meech, Miss Sylvia, Boston
Meehan, Mrs. John J., Wellesley Hills
Menhinick, Mrs. Howard K., Lansing,
Merriam, Mrs. Irving R., Dorchester
Merrill, Mrs. Amy P., Danvers
Merrill, Mrs. Charles A., Winchendon
Merrill, Miss Grace C, Lawrence
Merrill, Mrs. Sherburn M., Boston
Merriman, Mrs. F. W., Newton Centre
Merrithew, Mrs. Lillian S., Stoneham
Merritt, Mr. Arthur H., Dorchester
Merritt, Mrs. Arthur H., Dorchester
Merritt, Miss Helen, East Lynn
Meserve, Mrs. Arthur H., Maiden
Michie, Mrs. H. Stuart, Worcester
Mignault, Mrs. Annie R., Lowell
Miles, Mrs. G. Stanley, West Somerville
Miller, Mrs. Bertha Harris, Waltham
Miller, Mrs. Douglas, Concord
Milliken, Mrs. Warren, Wellesley Hills
Miner, Mrs. L. M. S., Newtonville
Minot, Mr. George Richards, Brookline
Mitchell, Mrs. F. Robins, Auburndale
Mitchell, Mrs. Sidney A., Cambridge
Moffett, Mr. Raymond, Keene, N. H.
Monroe, Mr. Charles C, Attleboro
Montgomery, Mr. Stuart, Boston
Moore, Mr. Daniel M., Taunton
Moore, Mrs. Robert W., Jr., Waban
Moran, Mr. John H., Boston
Moreau, Miss Elsie G., Worcester
Morgan, Mrs. William M., West Newton
Moriece, Mr. Paul, Mount Sinai, L. I.,
Morgan, Mrs. Theodore, Worcester
Morgan, Mrs. Victor F., Auburndale
Moriarty, Mrs. Joseph L., Quincy
Morris, Mrs. Lewis F., Rutland
Morrissey, Miss Mary G., Boston
Morton, Miss Helen, Hanover
Mosher, Mrs. Harris P., Marblehead
Moulton, Mrs. Roy E., East Milton
, Mowry, Mr. Chester A., Pawtucket, R. I.
Muldoon, Mrs. Katherine A., Wakefield
Murphy, Mr. M. A., Canton
Murray, Rev. R. I., Marblehead
Muther, Mr. L. F., Newton Centre
Muther, Mrs. L. F., Newton Centre
Myrick, Dr. Hannah G., Dorchester
Nash, Mrs. F. P., Groton
Neill, Mrs. Arthur Williams, Chestnut
Nelson, Mrs. Andrew, Everett
Nelson, Mr. Ira S., Wellesley Hills
Nelson, Mrs. May E., Boston
Nesmith, Mrs. Walter S., Nashua, N. H.
Nevins, Miss Katherine L., Allston
Nichols, Dr. Estes, Portland, Me.
Nichols, Mrs. M. T., Medford
Nicholson, Miss Sara H., Framingham
Nicholson, Mrs. William C, South Boston
Nicol, Mr. James, Falmouth
Nicoll, Mrs. Edw. W., Arlington Heights
Norton, Mr. David W., Wellesley Hills
Nightingale, Mrs. John T., Boston
Nissen, Mrs. H. A., Newton Centre
Nolan, Miss Eleanor W., Somerville
Northrop, Mrs. G. N., West Roxbury
Noyes, Miss Penelope B., Cambridge
Nugent, Miss Gertrude V., East Boston
Nutting, Mrs. Clarence, Salem Depot,
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Nutting, Mr. W. P., Holbrook
Ober, Miss Ruth E., Lynnfield Center
O'Brien, Mrs. Maurice, Medford
Oedel, Mr. William N., Wellesley Hills
O'Lalor, Mr. John J., Brookline
O'Neil, Mrs. Eugene, West Roxbury
O'Neil, Mrs. William, Akron, Ohio
Osborn, Mrs. Lyman P., Peabody
Osgood, Mrs. Paul M., Somerville
Otis, Mr. Charles, Yarmouthport
Otis, Mrs. H. C, Waban
Owen, Miss Imogene L., Dorchester
Packard, Prof. Artemus, Hanover, N. H.
Packard, Mrs. Frances W., Halifax
Packer, Mrs. William S., Winchester
Paine, J. B., Jr., Esq., Weston
Palmer, Mr. C. E., Cliftondale
Palmer, Mr. Claude A., Boston
Palmer, Mr. M. S., Duxbury
Paramino, Mr. John F., Wellesley Hills
Parker, Mrs. Benjamin R., Weston
Parker, Mrs. Charles, Stoneham
Parker, Mr. John A., Groton
Parks, Mrs. Laura D., Belmont
Parks, Mrs. Margaret S., Waltham
Parmenter, Mrs. H. W., Marlboro
Patterson, Mr. J. G., Auburndale
Pearson, Miss Mabel W., Medford
Peasley, Mr. Edward E., Quincy
Peinze, Mr. Herman L., Northboro
Penne, Mrs. Fred, Newtonville
Percy, Mrs. D. T., Arlington
Perkins, Mrs. James H., Westwood
Perkins, Mr. Harold O., Storrs, Conn.
Perry, Miss Anna L., Webster
Perry, Mrs. Marion W., Medford
Pevear, Miss Dorothy Whitney, Cam-
Peters, Mrs. James L., Harvard
Phemister, Mr. Walter R., Hanover
Phillips, Mrs. J. S., Everett
Piazzi, Mr. Fred J., Halifax
Pierce, Mrs. C. T., Newton
Pierce, Mrs. George W., Cambridge
Piester, Mr. Everett A., Hartford, Conn.
Pillault, Mr. Rene J., Taunton
Pillsbury, Mr. Hazen G., Boston
Pine, Miss Ethel I., Fall River
Pinel, Dr. Philip J., Quincy
Piper, Mr. Walter E., Ashby
Pitre, Mrs. Thos. P., Arlington
Plaisted, Miss Jessie M., West Roxbury
Plimpton, Mrs. Harold, Chestnut Hill
Polk, Miss Mary, Dorchester Center
Pollex, Miss Ernestine, Rockport
Poole, Miss Eva A., Rockport
Poole, Mr. Herbert, Milton
Poole, Mrs. Herbert, Milton
Poor, Miss Alice B., Dorchester
Poor, Mrs. Grace T., Riverside, R. I.
Poor, Miss Lillian B., Dorchester
Pope, Mrs. James M., Swampscott
Pope, Miss Rachel S., Brockton
Porter, Mrs. Irving M., Swampscott
Potter, Mrs. Lucius D., Greenfield
Power, Mrs. C. W., Pittsfield
Powers, Miss Nellie Eva, Ph.D., Boston
Pratt, Miss Clara L., Watertown
Pratt, Mrs. Gilbert H., Boston
Pratt, Mrs. Louis Mortimer, Chestnut
Pratt, Mrs. W. Elliot, Jr., Wellesley Hills
Preston, Mrs. E. W., Boston
Price, Mrs. Charles B., Swampscott
Price, Miss Josephine, Topsfield
Proctor, Mrs. Redfield, Proctor, Vt.
Proud, Mrs. Benjamin F., New Bedford
Purssell, Miss Evie M., Mattapan
Punderson, Miss Mary L., Milton
Putnam, Mr. E. D., Antrim, N. H.
Putnam, Mrs. Ellen M. A., Mattapan
Putnam, Mr. P. C, South Harwich
Putney, Miss Anne M., South Weymouth
Queen, Mr. John W., Boston
Quinby, Mrs. William C, Brookline
Quirk, Miss Mary E., Haverhill
Rafter, Miss Charlotte, Dorchester Center
Ramsdell, Miss Evelyn, Wakefield
Ramsdell, Mr. Robert E., Lynnfield
Ramsey, Mrs. Walter D., Winthrop
Randall, Mrs. Roger M., Brookline
Rankin, Mr. William B., Brockton
Ransom, Mrs. William R., Tufts College
Rawlings, Miss Edna Ellis, Boston
Ray, Mrs. Harry E., Hudson
Reardon, Mr. Joseph W., South Boston
Recomendes, Mr. Francis X., East
Reddy, Miss Florence I., Dorchester
Reilly, Mrs. F. X., Westboro
Renton, Miss Olive H., East Gloucester
Reynolds, Mrs. George P., Brookline
Reynolds, Mrs. Ida M., Dorchester
Reynolds, Mr. Joseph G., Jr., Belmont
Reynolds, Mr. Ralph W., Fall River
Reynolds, Mrs. Wilbur A., Boston
Rice, Miss Elizabeth S., Arlington
Rice, Mrs. Gertrude B., Waban
Rice, Mr. Harold F., Norwood
Richards, Miss Harriet E., Brookline
Richardson, Mrs. Charles H., Billerica
Richardson, Mrs. Clifford T., Somerville
Richardson, Mrs. Edwin H., Waban
Richardson, Mrs. Gertrude M., Lynn
Richardson, Mrs. J. S., Gonic, N. H.
Richardson, Mrs. Josephine, Stoneham
Richardson, Miss Louise, Holbrook
Richardson, Miss Persis A., Winchester
Richmond, Mrs. H. W., Wollaston
Rick, Mr. Chas. M., Reading, Pa.
Ricker, Mrs. Maurice S., Auburndale
Riley, Mrs. Lester S., Reading
Roach, Mr. Ormen P., East Lynn
Roberts, Mrs. Alva H., York Village, Me.
Roberts, Mr. Henry, Manchester
Roberts. Mr. L. A., Tewksbury
Roberts, Mrs. R. S. W., Whitinsville
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Robertson, Mrs. Annie L., Brookline
Robertson, Mrs. Edna B., Melrose
Robertson, Mr. William F., Medford Hill-
Robinson, Mr. Oarl, Antrim, N. H.
Robinson, Miss Helene M., West Newton
Rockwell, Mrs. M. H., Brookline
Rodman, Miss Jane, Groton
Rogers, Mrs. Allan H., Brookline
Rogers, Mr. John P., Marshfield Hills
Rogers, Mrs. John, South Berwick, Me.
Rogers, Mrs. Mabel S., Braintree
Roome, Mr. John W., Hyde Park
Rosicky, Mr. Emil, Lynn
Rosicky, Mr. Joseph, Beach Bluff
Ross, Mrs. Waldo O., Boston
Rowe, Mrs. Percy, Falmouth
Roy, Mr. W. Ormiston, Montreal, Canada
Rudd, Mrs. Fred J., Swampscott
Russell, Mrs. Allen H., Walpole
Rydant, Mr. Frank D., Melrose
Ryder, Mrs. William Vernon, Wellesley
Ryerson, Mr. Percy C, Melrose
St. Maurice, Mr. A. J., Southboro
Sampson, Mr. Charles, Quincy
Sampson, Mrs. Evelyn M., Magnolia
Sampson, Mrs. Mary M., Wellesley Hills
Sampson, Mr. Walter S., Sharon
Sandiford, Mrs. J. R., Norwood
Sanger, Mrs. Charles R., Cambridge
Sargent, Mrs. Alberta J., Maiden
Sargent, Mrs. Carrie P., Salem
Sargent, Mrs. H. L., Tremont, N. H.
Saunders, Mrs. Florence W., Brookline
Saunders, Miss L. Maude, Hyde Park
Saunders, Mr. Maurice M., Boston
Saunders, Mrs. Merle C, Wellesley Hills
Sawyer, Mr. Frederic H., Newton Centre
Sawyer, Mr. J. F., Reading
Sawyer, Mrs. William H., Worcester
Scarr, Mrs. Gerald, Dover, N. H.
Schaefer, Mr. Dolph, Plattekill, N. Y.
Schaschke, Mr. Harvey, Waban
Schlenker, Miss Anna A., Halifax
Schmidt, Miss Martha, Groton
Schmiedtgen, Miss Else, Nashua, N. H.
Schuelke, Mr. Louis, Middlebury, Conn.
Schwenger, Mrs. John G., Springfield
Scovill, Miss Priscilla, Great Barrington
Scudder, Miss Vida D., Wellesley
Seagrave, Miss Lillian TJ., Cambridge
Sears, Mrs. Langley, Brookline
Sears, Mr. Nathaniel, Waban, Mass.
Seaver, Mrs. Edwin P., Jr., New Bedford
Shaw, Miss Elsie L., Concord
Shaw Mrs. G. M., Wakefield, Mass.
Shaw, Mrs. Ethel, Boston
Shaw, Mr. J. K., Amherst
Shaw, Mrs. Leroy G., Arlington
Shaw, Dr. Thomas B., Worcester
Shea, Mr. Frank, Plymouth
Shepard, Miss Katharine M., Newbury-
Sherman, Miss E. Helene, Belmont
Sherman, Mr. Willis W., Quincy
Shute, Mrs. Henry M., Exeter, N. H.
Sides, Mrs. Andrew, Waban
Simkins, Mr. Leroy A., Augusta, Georgia
Slaiter, Mr. Walter, Melrose
Sloan, Mrs. E. S., Boston
Small, Miss Hazel M. W., Medford
Smiley, Miss Mary S., Boston
Smith, Miss Abbie C, Lexington
Smith, Mrs. Bertha M., Winthrop
Smith, Mrs. Bessie G., Wakefield
Smith, Mrs. C. Fred, Swampscott
Smith, Mr. Chauncy C, Vineyard Haven
Smith, Mr. Edson B., Waban
Smith, Mrs. Edward W., Melrose High-
Smith, Mr. Franklin H., Hingham
Smith, Mrs. Harold O., Swampscott
Smith, Mrs. Henry A., Brookline
Smith, Mr. John, South Dartmouth
Smith, Mr. R. O., Roxbury
Smith, Mr. Reuel W., Auburn, Maine
Smith, Mrs. Richard M., Boston
Smith, Mr. Stephen W., Needham
Smith, Mrs. Wallis Craig, Saginaw,
Smith, Mr. William E., South Chatham
Snow, Mr. A. L., Nashua, N. H.
Snow, Miss Charlotte A., Watertown
Snow, Mr. Ellsworth, Winchester
Snow, Dr. Frank Whipple, Newburyport
Snow, Miss Laetitia M., Wellesley
, Somes, Miss Dorothy E., North Abington
Southwick, Mrs. Richard H., Beverly
Spark, Mr. Francis D., Andover
Sparks, Mr. Albert H., Lowell
Spencer, Mrs. Elizabeth B., Wellesley
Spencer, Miss Jean, Groton
Sperl, Dr. Amalia, Haverhill
Spillsbury, Mrs. Ethel M., Woburn
Spofford, Mr. Wm. E., Brookline
Spring, Mr. Chester C, Wellesley Hills
Stacey, Mr. John E., East Saugus
Stackpole, Mrs. Pierpont L., Boston
Stafford, Mrs. Edward S., Fall River
Stanley, Miss Lilla Lowell
Stanton, Mr. W. F., Keene, N. H.
Stark, Mr. William, Medfield
Starkey, Mr. Frank R., Ipswich
Steadmann, Mr. Kenneth A., Amherst
Stebbins, Mrs. R. E., Springfield
Stephenson, Mrs. R. H., South Boston
Stetson, Mrs. Eliot D., New Bedford
Stevens, Mr. Allan P., Portland, Maine
Stevens, Mrs. D. A., Presque Isle, Maine
Stevens, Mr. G. F., East Milton
Stevens, Mrs. John O., Rockland, Maine
Stevens, Miss Louise A., Brookline
Stevens, Mr. S. E., Holbrook
Stewart, Mrs. Frederick, Dracut Center
Stewart, Mrs. R. W., Nantucket
Stiles, Mrs. Florence B., Melrose
Stimpson, Mrs. Harry F., Chestnut Hill
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Stone, Mrs. Alice G., Brookline
Stone, Mr. Frederick W., Newton
Storke, Mrs. Harold G., Arlington
Story, Mrs. Dorinda E., Newton Centre
Stow, Mrs. T. T., Townsend Harbor
Strong, Mrs. William E., Newtonville
Stueber, Miss Anna E., Dorchester
Sturtevant, Mrs. May L., Wellesley
Sullivan, Mrs. Arthur P., Salem
Sullivan, Miss Loraine A., Watertown
Sullivan, Mr. Michael Joseph, Newport,
Swann, Mrs. John Butler, Stockbridge
Swanson, Mr. Palmer, Danvers
Swasey, Mrs. Arthur L., Marblehead
Sweeney, Mrs. John M., Newton
Sweet, Mrs. Herbert A., Allston
Sweetser, Miss Grace P., Cambridge
Swett, Mrs. Lena S., Wellesley
Swindells, Mrs. Frederick W., Newton
Taber, Miss Gertrude, S. Boston
Taft, Mr. George H., Westboro
Taintor, Mrs. Charles W., Topsfleld
Tamke, Mr. Henry J., Pawtucket, R. I.
Tavener, Mr. Harry G., Milton
Taylor, Mrs. Emma L., Waltham
Taylor, Mrs. Katherine B., Wauwatosa,
Taylor, Miss Louise P., Medford
Terry, Mrs. Philip B., Scituate
Thacher, Miss Mary, Boston
Thatcher, Mrs. Maud, Athol
Thomas, Mrs. F. L., Mansfield
Thomas, Miss Ruth Ellen, Cambridge
Thomas, Mrs. Sophia L., Worcester
Thomas, Mrs. W. W., Portland, Maine
Thompson, Mrs. Whitaker, Jamaica
Thomson, Mrs. Elihu, Swampscott
Thornton, Miss Mary, Medford
Tilson, Mr. Willard C, Maiden
Tilton, Mrs. Rachael L., Chilmark
Tinkham, Mr. Frank L., Brockton
Tobey, Mrs. Edith, Eliot, Maine
Tobin, Miss Agnes V., Jamaica Plain
Todd, Miss Alice Adele, Somerville
Todd, Mr. John R., New York City
Tomlinson, Miss Blanche M. A., West
Tomlinson, Mr. L. C, Gloucester
Tonkin, Mrs. John Carter, Durham,
Trainor, Miss M. Louise, Beachmont
Trementozzi, Mr. Dominic, Hyde Park
Tripp, Mr. William L., Framingham
Troland, Mrs. Edwin, Maiden
Trowbridge, Miss Clara F., Linwood
True, Mrs. John Preston, Waban
Tufts, Mrs. Ida H., Winchester
Tufts, Miss Lena E., N. Quincy
Tullis, Mrs. A. L., Deerfield
Turkington, Miss Helen P., Danvers
Turner, Mrs. Clyde A., Lowell
Turner, Mrs. Ralph E., Medford
Tuttle, Mrs. George T., Milton
Twitchell, Mr. Errol H., Melrose
Twomey, Mr. Eugene F., Jr., Lynn
Tylee, Mrs. Clinton W., West Newton
Tyler, Mrs. E. N., West Roxbury
Upham, Mrs. George B., Boston
Urann, Mr. Marcus L., South Hanson
Urann, Mrs. Marcus L., South Hanson
Urbaschek, Mr. A., Roslindale «
Vaillant, Mrs. George W., Boston
Valonen, Mr. Carl, Troy, N. H.
Vander Bogert, Mr. J., Salisbury, Md.
VanderPol, Mr. M., Framingham
Vannah, Mrs. Ruth S., Melrose High-
Vannah, Mr. Thomas R., Melrose High-
Veasey, Mrs. A. D., Haverhill
Venne, Miss Genevieve G., Lawrence
Viano, Miss Helen N., Arlington
Vibber, Miss Leona A., Boston
Viles, Mrs. Alden E., Swampscott
Vincent, Mrs. Myron H., Chilmark
Viotor, Mr. Edward W., Orford, N. H.
vonEuw, Miss Anna, Jamaica Plain
von Rosenwinge, Mrs. Theodore, Win-
Wadsworth, Miss Gertude I., Fayville
Walden, Mrs. A. E., Baltimore, Md.
Walker, Mr. Clarence S., Maiden
Walker, Mrs George, Newton^ Centre
Walker, Mrs. Helen W., Providence,
Walker, Miss Jean, Needham
Walls, Mrs. Frank Nantucket
Walsh, Miss Bertha F., Dorchester
Walsh, Miss Marion, Dorchester
Walther, Mrs. L. D., Medford
Warburton, Mr. William, Westwood
Ward, Miss Marian De Courcy, Boston
Wareham, Mr. Harold E., Thompsonville,
Warren, Mr. D. W., Jr., Brookline
Warren, Mrs. Louise, Worcester
Warren, Mrs. Wallace G., Waltham
Washburn, Mrs. Leroy, Brockton
Waterhouse, Mr. George H., Boston
Waters, Mrs. F. E., Marblehead
Watts, Mrs. Lawrence, Newton Centre
Webber, Mrs. R. Margaret, Swampscott
Weber, Mrs. Emil A., Andover
Webster, Mrs. Carl, Winter Hill
Webster, Miss Sarah E., Lawrence
Weeks, Mrs. Parul T., Wellesley Hills
Weidner, Mr. H. M., Newtonville
Weiker, Mrs. Wm. A., Medfield
Weir, Mrs. Mary K., Pittsburgh, Penna.
Welles, Mrs. Edward R., Southborough
Wentworth, Miss Edith, Waltham
Wentworth, Mrs. Mary D., Greenfield
Wenzel, Mrs. Alfred C, Fitchburg
Werner, Mrs. Edward L., Wellesley Hills
NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934
Wheaton, Mr. Ervin E., Leominster
Whedon, Mrs. W. T., Norwood
Wheeler, Mr. C. H., Marblehead
Wheeler, Mr. Frank L., Antrim, N. H.
Wheelwright, Mrs. E. M., Medfield
White, Mrs. Clinton C, Providence, R. I.
White, Mrs. Daisy W., East Dedham
White, Mr. Frank T., Jr., Holbrook
White, Mr. Napoleon L., East Dedham
White, Mrs. Walter A., Sharon
Whitehouse, Mrs. Charles F., Dover,
Whitman, Miss Helen, Groton
Whitney, Mrs. Irma C, Newton Centre
Whittemore, Mrs. Grace T., East Orange,
Whittemore, Mrs. Nathaniel E., Cam-
Whorf, Mr. Clarence P., Winchester
Wiemhoeber, Mr. George, Chicago, 111.
Wiggin, Mrs. Charles S., Melrose
Wightman, Mrs. William H., Winchester
Wihry, Mr. Benjamin J., Amherst
Wilbar, Miss Sara E., Bridgewater
Wilbor, Mrs. Rufus L., Chestnut Hill
Wilbur, Mrs. L. A., Attleboro
Wilder, Mrs. Edward B., Melrose
Wilder, Mr. Joseph D„ Maiden
Wilder, Mrs. Louise B., Bronxville, N. Y.
Wiley, Mr. Arthur L., Jr., Wakefield
Williams, Mrs. Alice S., Canton
*Williams, Miss C. Amelia, Taunton
Williams, Mrs. Frances R., Winchester
Williams, Miss Gertrude, Taunton
Williams, Miss Jane P., Wellesley
Williams, Mrs. Jeremiah, Beach Bluff
Williams, Mrs. John Burr, Wellesley
Wills, Mr. John B., Winchester
Wilson, Mrs. A. 0., Osterville
Wing, Miss Laura S., Sandwich
Winslow, Miss Evelyn H., Lynn
Winsor, Miss Sylvia B., Amherst
Winter, Mrs. Murray, Wrentham
Winthrop, Mrs. Frederick, Hamilton
Wisner, Mrs. Raymond R., Newton
Wolfe, Miss Alma, Boston
Wonson, Miss Eleanor Knowles,
Wood, Miss Emily, East Rindge, N. H.
Wood, Mrs. Henry A. Wise, Annisquam
Wood, Mrs. Howard, South Berwick, Me.
Wood, Mr. William J., Providence, R. I.
Woodbury, Mrs. Grace I., Melrose
Woodman, Dr. Alice S., Boston
Woodman, Miss Eleanor, Roslindale
Woodward, Miss Jane, Worcester
Work, Mr. Paul, Ithaca, N. Y.
Wright, Mrs. L. A., West Medford
Wright, Miss Melba T., Chelsea
Wruck, Miss Wilhelmina G., Boston
Wyman, Mrs. Charles M., Brewster
Wyman, Miss Dorothy Allen, West
Wyman, Miss Florence, Billerica
Wyman, Mr. Frank C, Bennington,
Young, Mrs. I. D., Watertown
Young, Mr. Thomas, Harvard
Zemurray, Mrs. S., Boston
Zerbel, Mrs. Fred A., West Roxbury